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Daily Challenge #132 - Is my friend cheating?

thepracticaldev profile image dev.to staff ・2 min read
  • A friend of mine takes a sequence of numbers from 1 to n (where n > 0).
  • Within that sequence, he chooses two numbers, a and b.
  • He says that the product of a and b should be equal to the sum of all numbers in the sequence, excluding a and b.
  • Given a number n, could you tell me the numbers he excluded from the sequence?

The function takes the parameter: n (n is always strictly greater than 0) and returns an array or a string (depending on the language) of the form:

[(a, b), ...] or [[a, b], ...] or {{a, b}, ...} or or [{a, b}, ...]
with all (a, b) which are the possible removed numbers in sequence 1 to n.

[(a, b), ...] or [[a, b], ...] or {{a, b}, ...} or ...will be sorted in increasing order of the "a".

It happens that there are several possible (a, b). The function returns an empty array (or an empty string) if no possible numbers are found which will prove that my friend has not told the truth! (Go: in this case return nil).

Examples
removNb(26) should return [(15, 21), (21, 15)]
or
removNb(26) should return { {15, 21}, {21, 15} }
or
removeNb(26) should return [[15, 21], [21, 15]]
or
removNb(26) should return [ {15, 21}, {21, 15} ]
or
removNb(26) should return "15 21, 21 15"
or
in C:
removNb(26) should return **an array of pairs {{15, 21}{21, 15}}**
tested by way of strings.


This challenge comes from g964 on CodeWars. Thank you to CodeWars, who has licensed redistribution of this challenge under the 2-Clause BSD License!

Want to propose a challenge idea for a future post? Email yo+challenge@dev.to with your suggestions!

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Discussion

markdown guide
 

function removeNb(n) {
  const arr = [...Array(n + 1).keys()]
  const acc = n*(n+1)/2;
  return Array.prototype.concat.apply([], arr.map(i => arr.map(x => [i,x]))) .filter(([a,b])=>  a * b == acc - a - b )
}

 

Bonus points for using the sum formula for arithmetic sequences :-)

 

I have no Idea how you guys can come up with this stuff, mind-boggling!

 
def remove_number(number):
  sequence = []
  for i in range(number):
    sequence.append(number - i)
  index_one = 0
  index_two = 0
  while index_one < len(sequence):
    if sequence[index_one] * sequence[index_two] == sum(sequence) - (sequence[index_one] + sequence[index_two]):
      return [sequence[index_one], sequence[index_two]]
    if index_two < len(sequence) - 1:
      index_two += 1
    else:
      index_two = 1
      index_one += 1
  return []
 

JS

const removNb = n => Array(n).fill(undefined).map((_, i) => [i + 1, ((1 + n)*n/2 - i - 1) / (i + 2)]).filter(([a, b]) => b === ~~b && b <= n);
 

Ruby:

def remove_numbers(n)
  (1..n).to_a.repeated_permutation(2).select do |a, b| 
    a * b == n * (n + 1) / 2 - a - b
  end
end

remove_numbers(26)
#=> [[15, 21], [21, 15]]