In this episode, we removed Node.js from deployment. We had to finish off an issue with permissions first, but the deployment got simpler. Then we continued on the steps to make deployment do even less.
Last episode, we got the static assets to the staging environment, but we ended the session with a permissions problem. The files extracted from the tarball had the wrong user and group permissions.
I fixed the permissions by running an Ansible task that ran
chown to use the
www-data user and group. To make sure that the directories had proper permissions, I used
755 to ensure they were executable.
Then we wrote another task to set the permission of non-directory files to
644. This change removes the executable bit from regular files and reduces their security risk.
We ran some tests to confirm the behavior of all the files, even running the test that destroyed all existing static files and starting from scratch.
Once Node was out of the way, I moved on to other issues. I had to convert tasks that used
manage.py from the Git clone to use the manage command that I bundled into the Shiv app. That work turned out to be very minimal.
The next thing that can be removed is the Python virtual environment that was generated on the server. The virtual environment isn't needed because all of the packages are baked into the Shiv app. That means that we must remove anything that still depends on the virtual environment and move them into the Shiv app.
There are two main tools that still depend on the virtual environment:
For the remainder of the stream, I worked on the
main.py file, which is the entry point for Shiv, to make the file able to handle subcommands. This will pave the way for next time when we call Celery from a Python script instead of its stand-alone executable.
Show notes for this stream are at Episode 30 Show Notes.
To learn more about the stream, please check out Building SaaS with Python and Django.
Oldest comments (2)
Is Python really better than Node.js for backend, unless you want to use some specific library?
I like Python a lot, but Node.js is a good ecosystem too! I wasn't trying to make a value judgement about Node.js or its community. This stream was all about me removing Node.js from my production deployment process.
So, both are great. :)