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Dharan Ganesan
Dharan Ganesan

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Day 88: Manifest

What is Web Manifest? 🌐

The Web App Manifest is a simple JSON file that provides developers with the ability to control how their app appears to users in areas where they would expect to see apps, such as the mobile home screen. It defines the name, description, icon, and other details of your web application.

Image description

Let's take a look at a basic example:

  "name": "My Awesome App",
  "short_name": "AwesomeApp",
  "description": "An app that does awesome things!",
  "start_url": "/",
  "display": "standalone",
  "background_color": "#ffffff",
  "theme_color": "#000000",
  "icons": [
      "src": "/icon.png",
      "sizes": "192x192",
      "type": "image/png"
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Here's a quick breakdown of the key properties:

  • name: The name of your web app.
  • short_name: A shorter version of the app's name, ideal for limited screen space.
  • description: A brief description of your app.
  • start_url: The URL where your app should start when launched.
  • display: Defines the display mode (e.g., fullscreen, standalone, minimal-ui, or browser).
  • background_color: The background color of the splash screen.
  • theme_color: The color that will be used for the address bar.
  • icons: An array of icon objects specifying different sizes and types.


Include the manifest link in the <head> of your HTML file:

<link rel="manifest" href="/manifest.json">
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Applications 🌐

1. Improved User Experience

By using a Web Manifest, you transform your web app into an immersive, app-like experience. Users can add it to their home screens, launching it with a single tap, just like a native app.

2. Branding and Consistency

Define your app's icon, name, and theme color to ensure a consistent brand experience. This is crucial for user recognition and trust.

3. Offline Accessibility

Utilize the start_url property to define which URL the app should load when launched. This can be a cached version of your app, providing offline functionality.

4. Splash Screens

The background_color property, along with an appropriate icon, can be used to create a splash screen, enhancing the perceived performance of your app.


1. Dynamic Manifest Generation

Consider dynamically generating the Web Manifest based on user preferences or configurations. This allows for a personalized experience.

// Dynamic manifest generation example
const dynamicManifest = {
  // dynamically set properties here

const manifestString = JSON.stringify(dynamicManifest);
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2. Icon Generation

Use tools like RealFaviconGenerator to generate a plethora of icons in different sizes and formats. This ensures compatibility across various devices.

3. Progressive Web App (PWA)

Combine the power of a Web Manifest with Service Workers to create a Progressive Web App. This enhances performance, especially in low-network conditions.

// Register a service worker
if ('serviceWorker' in navigator) {
    .then((registration) => {
      console.log('Service Worker registered with scope:', registration.scope);
    .catch((error) => {
      console.error('Service Worker registration failed:', error);
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Dharan Ganesan