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Dharan Ganesan
Dharan Ganesan

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Day 79: WebSockets

What Are WebSockets?

WebSockets are a powerful communication protocol that provides full-duplex communication channels over a single, long-lived connection between the client and the server. Unlike traditional HTTP requests, WebSockets establish a persistent connection that allows for bidirectional, low-latency communication. This real-time capability makes WebSockets ideal for applications that require live updates, such as chat applications, multiplayer games, real-time analytics, and collaborative tools.

Why Use WebSockets in Web Applications?

  1. Real-Time Updates: WebSockets enable instant data transmission, allowing clients to receive live updates without continuously polling the server.

  2. Reduced Latency: The persistent connection minimizes latency by eliminating the overhead of establishing new connections for each request.

  3. Efficient Communication: WebSockets use a lightweight protocol, reducing unnecessary data transfers and making communication more efficient.

Getting Started with WebSockets

Client-Side Implementation

// Establishing a WebSocket connection
const socket = new WebSocket('wss://your-server-endpoint');

// Event listeners for WebSocket lifecycle
socket.onopen = () => {
  console.log('WebSocket connection established.');

socket.onmessage = (event) => {
  const message =;
  console.log('Received message:', message);

socket.onclose = (event) => {
  if (event.wasClean) {
    console.log('WebSocket connection closed cleanly.');
  } else {
    console.error('WebSocket connection interrupted.');

// Sending data to the server
const messageToSend = 'Hello, Server!';
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Server-Side Implementation

The server-side implementation varies depending on the technology stack. Here's an example using Node.js with the ws package:

const WebSocket = require('ws');

const wss = new WebSocket.Server({ port: 8080 });

wss.on('connection', (ws) => {
  ws.on('message', (message) => {
    console.log(`Received: ${message}`);
    ws.send('Message received!');
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  1. Handling Errors: Implement error handling for scenarios like dropped connections, server unavailability, or timeouts to ensure robustness.

  2. Security Considerations: Use secure WebSocket connections (WSS) to encrypt data and prevent security vulnerabilities.

  3. Scalability: Consider load balancing and optimizing server infrastructure for handling increased WebSocket connections.

  4. Protocol Selection: Evaluate WebSocket sub-protocols for enhancing security or adding custom functionalities.

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