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Wahid Abduhakimov
Wahid Abduhakimov

Posted on • Updated on

Maxsus belgilar | C++ boshlang'ich

string va maxsus belgilar

Avvalgi postimizda yozganimizdek, C++ tilida tekstlar string deb ataladi va qo'shtirnoq " " orasida yoziladi.

cout << "Salom dunyo!" << endl;
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1️⃣ \ - escape character

  • ushbu belgi string/tekst ichida maxsus komandalar/belgilar yozish uchun ishlatiladi.

string ichida yozish mumkin bo'lmagan ba'zi belgilar mavjud. Masalan: U "zo'r" bola. deb chop etish uchun C++ da "U "zo'r" bola." deb yozish xatolik beradi. Bunga sabab string ichida " belgisi ishlatisa, string tugaganini anglatadi.

string ichida shunga o'xshash ta'qiqlangan belgilarni yozish uchun \ ishlatiladi.

cout << "U \"zo'r\" bola." << endl;

------------natija-------------
U "zo'r" bola.
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\ belgisini o'zini chop etish uchun nima qilamiz 🤔?

\\ qilib yoziladi

cout << "Bugun \\ belgisini asl kuchini ko'rdik!" << endl;

------------natija-------------
Bugun \ belgisini asl kuchini ko'rdik!
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2️⃣ \n - yangi qator

  • ushbu maxsus belgi string register ichiga yozilsa, shu stringni chop etishda \n bor joydan boshlab keyingi qator o'tib ketadi.
cout << "Salom\ndunyo" << endl;

------------natija-------------
Salom
dunyo
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3️⃣ \t- TAB

  • string ichiga yozilganda tekst ichiga TAB bo'sh joy chop etadi
cout << "olma\tanor\tbexi" << endl;

------------natija-------------
olma   anor   bexi
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4️⃣ \b- backspace

  • oxirgi chop etilgan belgini o'chiradi
cout << "Salom\b" << endl;

------------natija-------------
Salo
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5️⃣ \r- carriage return

  • chop etilayotgan qatorda kursorni qator boshiga olib keladi. Yana chop etishda davom etilsa avval yozilgan tekstlarni o'chirib ustiga yozib yuboradi
cout << "Github 'vashshe' malades 🌟\rIlmhub" << endl;

------------natija-------------
Ilmhub 'vashshe' malades 🌟
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Topshiriqlar 🎖

  1. Qiyudagi kod nima chop etadi?
cout << "bexi\ranor\rolma\b" << endl;
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  1. Quyidagi stringni C++ da chop eting.
\    /\
 )  ( ')
(  /  )
 \(__)|
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Top comments (2)

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shahbozkhurramov profile image
shahbozkhurramov

👍👍👍

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wahidd profile image
Wahid Abduhakimov Author

Hey, thanks 🙃

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