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We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. # Solution: Maximum Area of a Piece of Cake After Horizontal and Vertical Cuts seanpgallivan
Fledgling software developer; the struggle is a Rational Approximation.

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#### Description:

(Jump to: Solution Idea || Code: JavaScript | Python | Java | C++)

Given a rectangular cake with height `h` and width `w`, and two arrays of integers `horizontalCuts` and `verticalCuts` where `horizontalCuts[i]` is the distance from the top of the rectangular cake to the `i`th horizontal cut and similarly, `verticalCuts[j]` is the distance from the left of the rectangular cake to the `j`th vertical cut.

Return the maximum area of a piece of cake after you cut at each horizontal and vertical position provided in the arrays `horizontalCuts` and `verticalCuts`. Since the answer can be a huge number, return this modulo `10^9 + 7`.

#### Examples:

Example 1:
Input: h = 5, w = 4, horizontalCuts = [1,2,4], verticalCuts = [1,3]
Output: 4
Explanation: The figure above represents the given rectangular cake. Red lines are the horizontal and vertical cuts. After you cut the cake, the green piece of cake has the maximum area.
Visual: Example 2:
Input: h = 5, w = 4, horizontalCuts = [3,1], verticalCuts = 
Output: 6
Explanation: The figure above represents the given rectangular cake. Red lines are the horizontal and vertical cuts. After you cut the cake, the green and yellow pieces of cake have the maximum area.
Visual: Example 3:
Input: h = 5, w = 4, horizontalCuts = , verticalCuts = 
Output: 9

#### Constraints:

• `2 <= h, w <= 10^9`
• `1 <= horizontalCuts.length < min(h, 10^5)`
• `1 <= verticalCuts.length < min(w, 10^5)`
• `1 <= horizontalCuts[i] < h`
• `1 <= verticalCuts[i] < w`
• It is guaranteed that all elements in `horizontalCuts` are distinct.
• It is guaranteed that all elements in `verticalCuts` are distinct.

#### Idea:

(Jump to: Problem Description || Code: JavaScript | Python | Java | C++)

The trick to this problem is realizing that if the horizontal slices and vertical slices are perpendicular, then all vertical slices cross all horizontal slices. This means that we just need to find the largest of each, and the cross-section should be the largest slice.

To find the largest slice of each, we need to first sort the horizontal cuts (hc) and vertical cuts (vc), then iterate through both sets and keep track of the maximum difference found between two consecutive cuts (maxh, maxv). We need to not forget to include the two end cuts, which are found using 0 and h/w, as well.

Once we have the largest difference for both, we can just return the product of these two numbers, modulo 1e9+7.

• Time Complexity: O(N * log(N) + M * log(M)) where N is the length of hc and M is the length of vc
• Space Complexity: O(1)

#### Javascript Code:

``````var maxArea = function(h, w, hc, vc) {
hc.sort((a,b) => a - b)
vc.sort((a,b) => a - b)
let maxh = Math.max(hc, h - hc[hc.length-1]),
maxv = Math.max(vc, w - vc[vc.length-1])
for (let i = 1; i < hc.length; i++)
maxh = Math.max(maxh, hc[i] - hc[i-1])
for (let i = 1; i < vc.length; i++)
maxv = Math.max(maxv, vc[i] - vc[i-1])
return BigInt(maxh) * BigInt(maxv) % 1000000007n
};
``````

#### Python Code:

``````class Solution:
def maxArea(self, h: int, w: int, hc: List[int], vc: List[int]) -> int:
hc.sort()
vc.sort()
maxh, maxv = max(hc, h - hc[-1]), max(vc, w - vc[-1])
for i in range(1, len(hc)):
maxh = max(maxh, hc[i] - hc[i-1])
for i in range(1, len(vc)):
maxv = max(maxv, vc[i] - vc[i-1])
return (maxh * maxv) % 1000000007
``````

#### Java Code:

``````class Solution {
public int maxArea(int h, int w, int[] hc, int[] vc) {
Arrays.sort(hc);
Arrays.sort(vc);
int maxh = Math.max(hc, h - hc[hc.length-1]),
maxv = Math.max(vc, w - vc[vc.length-1]);
for (int i = 1; i < hc.length; i++)
maxh = Math.max(maxh, hc[i] - hc[i-1]);
for (int i = 1; i < vc.length; i++)
maxv = Math.max(maxv, vc[i] - vc[i-1]);
return (int)((long)maxh * maxv % 1000000007);
}
}
``````

#### C++ Code:

``````class Solution {
public:
int maxArea(int h, int w, vector<int>& hc, vector<int>& vc) {
sort(hc.begin(), hc.end());
sort(vc.begin(), vc.end());
int maxh = max(hc, h - hc.back()),
maxv = max(vc, w - vc.back());
for (int i = 1; i < hc.size(); i++)
maxh = max(maxh, hc[i] - hc[i-1]);
for (int i = 1; i < vc.size(); i++)
maxv = max(maxv, vc[i] - vc[i-1]);
return (int)((long)maxh * maxv % 1000000007);
}
};
``````