Often when receiving data from files, HTTP requests, keyboard input, etc. we receive that data as a String. Often we just keep these variables as a
String even if a different variable type is more appropriate. The most appropriate type depends on what we are trying to represent; if we are trying to represent a finite set of items we may use a enum, true/false means boolean, numbers could be an
long, or even
BigInteger. The benefits of using the appropriate type are as follows:
- Performance improvements with not having to convert back and forth between the String type.
- The built in functions of the type work correctly for that type such as
- Less error prone.
It can sometimes take a little more effort to save our variables as the correct type, especially if they are provided as a
String initially. The payoff is worth it and will keep your code much cleaner.