DEV Community

Cover image for The Ultimate Guide to Web Performance πŸš€
ender minyard
ender minyard

Posted on • Updated on

The Ultimate Guide to Web Performance πŸš€

There's so many ways to speed up your site. Don't you wish every web performance tip was in one place? That's what I thought too, so I put them all in one place: this post.

Use this guide as a reference.


Table Of Contents

HTML

✨ Minify HTML
β˜„οΈ Order your styles and scripts for pagespeed
⚑️ Eliminate render-blocking resources
🌟 Minimize layout thrashing
πŸŽ‰ Prioritize resources
✨ Preload critical assets to improve loading speed
πŸ’₯ Establish network connections early
⚑️ Prefetch resources
🌟 Implement adaptive serving

CSS

⭐️ Minify CSS
✨ Remove unused CSS
πŸ’₯ Defer non-critical CSS
⚑️ Minimize CSS requests by combining external CSS
πŸš€ Optimize CSS background images with media queries
⭐️ Avoid CSS inside the body tag
β˜„οΈ Inline critical CSS
✨ Avoid expensive styles
πŸ’« Optimize CSS length

Images

✨ Choose the right image format
πŸ’« Choose the correct level of compression
⭐️ Use Imagemin to compress images
πŸ’₯ Defer offscreen images
⚑️ Properly size images
✨ Replace animated gifs with video
πŸŽ‰ Serve responsive images
⚑️ Serve images with correct dimensions
🌟 Use WebP images
⚑️ Use AVIF images
🎊 Use image CDNs to optimize images
✨ Use lazy-loading
πŸš€ Lazy-loading video
⚑️ Use lazysizes to lazy-load images
⭐️ Compress JPEG images
πŸ”₯ Optimize PNG images
✨ Optimize SVG vector files

Fonts

πŸ’« Avoid invisible text during font loading
πŸ’₯ Use preconnect to load fonts faster
⚑️ Optimize Webfont loading and rendering
β˜„οΈ Reduce Webfont Size
✨ Keep Webfont size under 300kb

JavaScript

πŸ’« Apply the PRPL pattern
⭐️ Limit the size of NPM dependencies
⚑️ Use code splitting
🌟 Combine external JavaScript
πŸ’₯ Remove unused code
πŸŽ‰ Use tree-shaking in Webpack
✨ Minify JavaScript
πŸ’« Serve modern code to modern browsers
🌟 See how CommonJS makes your bundles larger
⚑️ Defer loading JavaScript
⭐️ Prefer Vanilla JavaScript🎊
πŸ’‘ Use service workers to cache data
🎊 Use web workers
πŸ’₯ Write optimized code for V8
πŸŽ‰ Compile your JavaScript to faster JavaScript with Prepack
✨ Compile your JavaScript to faster JavaScript with Closure Compiler

Server

β˜€οΈ Use HTTPS
β˜„οΈ Keep the size of cookies low as possible
πŸ”₯ Avoid bad requests
πŸ’« Set HTTP cache headers
⭐️ Enable gzip and brotli compression
⚑️ Self-host your static asssets
🌟 Enable OCSP stapling
πŸ’₯ Adopt IPv6
πŸ’‘ Serve assets over HTTP/2
πŸŽ‰ Implement HPACK compression
✨ Set proper security headers

Testing Tools

πŸ’« Measure site speed with Pingdom
🌟 Measure site speed with WebPageTest
🎊 Measure performance with the RAIL model
⚑️ Configure Webpack performance hints
⭐️ Use bundlesize
πŸ’₯ Measure JavaScript execution time
πŸŽ‰ Use lighthouse-ci
β˜„οΈ Use Lighthouse Bot to set a performance budget
β˜€οΈ Test on remote real devices
πŸ”₯ Use Sitespeed
✨ Use Calibre
πŸ’« Use SpeedCurve
🎊 Use k6
⚑️ Use SpeedTracker

Frameworks

⭐️ Use an ahead of time compiler
πŸ’₯ Improve Angular performance
β˜€οΈ Debug React perfomance
πŸ”₯ Eliminate common React issues
✨ Make components connection aware
πŸ’« Implement adaptive serving
πŸŽ‰ Serve Adaptive Components Using the Network Information API




Did I miss something? Comment any potential additions to the list!

Top comments (39)

Collapse
 
dmahely profile image
Doaa Mahely

Collapse
 
machineno15 profile image
Tanvir Shaikh

This deserves a github repository .
like Awesome web performance..

Collapse
 
mketlinger profile image
Mike Etlinger

Nice! Lots of goodies in here and this is a great checklist.

The CSS section should have something like:

β€œInline Your Critical CSS” which reduces the number of requests and helps with render blocking.

Collapse
 
ender_minyard profile image
ender minyard

Done!

Collapse
 
mketlinger profile image
Mike Etlinger

Nice thanks! I didn’t know about that Library.

Collapse
 
joelbonetr profile image
JoelBonetR πŸ₯‡

Collapse
 
z2lai profile image
z2lai

Just dope?

Collapse
 
joelbonetr profile image
JoelBonetR πŸ₯‡

What can I say, it's just what I needed to do that πŸ˜†

Thread Thread
 
z2lai profile image
z2lai

Yo that's dope.

Thread Thread
 
joelbonetr profile image
JoelBonetR πŸ₯‡

Just dope?

Thread Thread
 
sajeelhassan profile image
Sajeel Hassan

Recursion

Collapse
 
harrytheo profile image
Harry Theo

Amazing list you put there!! πŸŽ‰πŸŽ‰ Thank you!

I have a few additions there you might want to include:

Collapse
 
miqueasgutierrez profile image
miqueasgutierrez

Hello, very good advice, it is also important to integrate Push Notifications in your website or online store for greater performance in the communication area, to carry out Ad campaigns, promotions, events, etc., I invite you to use the Indigital Service, you can carry out Marketing Campaigns Free for 30,000 devices, it is excellent and very easy to install, here is the Documentation: docs.indigitall.com/es/

Collapse
 
yogionbioinformatics profile image
Yogindra Raghav

THIS IS A GODSEND!!!!!!!!
How long did this take you to prepare?

Collapse
 
uploadcare profile image
Uploadcare

Impressive, thank you! We've also published a guide to responsive images and adaptive delivery technology, an easier way to serve responsive images: dev.to/uploadcare_/a-practical-gui...

Btw, if you're looking for a CDN for a media-heavy platform, here's a comparison of the 10 best solutions: bit.ly/3oYxr5E

Collapse
 
edwardinchains profile image
edwardinchains

content-visibility - limited browser support right now.

web.dev/content-visibility/

caniuse.com/css-content-visibility

Collapse
 
rahulh123 profile image
Rahul

How many of these amazing posts do you make? πŸ˜€ I guess I just got to go read all of them.

Collapse
 
ender_minyard profile image
ender minyard

:-) thanks!

Collapse
 
jurjin profile image
Giorgio Tempesta • Edited

I would add this one: Serve Modern Code to Modern Browsers for Faster Page Loads web.dev/serve-modern-code-to-moder...

Collapse
 
ender_minyard profile image
ender minyard

That's already in the article :-)

Collapse
 
jurjin profile image
Giorgio Tempesta

Sorry I completely missed it! πŸ™ƒ

Collapse
 
rowemore profile image
Rowe Morehouse

You could add a critical-path sections, there may be some tools / techniques here for you to add to yours:

github.com/addyosmani/critical-pat...

:)

Collapse
 
ender_minyard profile image
ender minyard

The article already links to Addy Osmani's Critical library.

Collapse
 
juliomoreyra profile image
JulioMoreyra

Impressive list, very complete!

Collapse
 
qainsights profile image
NaveenKumar Namachivayam ⚑

Excellent list. Please add JMeter under testing tools.

Collapse
 
oscarrodar profile image
Oscar Rodriguez Arroyo

Nice!!! Thanks

Some comments have been hidden by the post's author - find out more