The Standard Library provides us with the functionality for input/output (I/O) where input and output can be -
- files - read from a file and write to another (or the same file)
- other sources/targets that support stream I/O
Stream I/O is different from "record" I/O or "fixed" I/O as in it cannot be used to -
- create a database, or
- read one line in the middle of a file
C++ supports stream I/O with operators. Operators in programming are similar to what we see in mathematics, for example in 2 + 2, '+' is the operator adding the two operands.
- To send character to cout (pronounced c-out), use the << (from) operator.
std::cout << "Hello!";
- For line break (or enter) use the escape sequence '\n'.
std::cout << "Hello!\n";
is same as writing
std::cout << "Hello!" << '\n';
Comments in code help the reader of your code understand why some things in your code are as the way they are. You may also be reading your code again after a few days, weeks or months and comments help in understanding why some logical decision was made.
To add a single line comment in C++, use two forward slashes (//)
// This is a comment
- Double and single quotes are different
"hello" + 2
Also remember to save your changes before you run :)
Now, try to write a program that prints out a combination of words and numbers across multiple lines.
Please leave out comments with anything you don't understand or would like for me to improve upon.
Thanks for reading!