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Cover image for 5+1 Basic GIT Commands you Need for Hacktoberfest 2022
Leonardo Montini for This is Learning

Posted on • Updated on • Originally published at leonardomontini.dev

5+1 Basic GIT Commands you Need for Hacktoberfest 2022

Hacktoberfest is starting tomorrow!! Are you ready??

In case you're quite new to git, I will try to explain in a simple way how to use the basic commands you absolutely need to contribute to Open Source.

Disclaimer: this tutorial is meant for beginners. I will oversimplify a little bit to make sure the concepts can be easily understood by someone who might have never used git or has little experience.

The commands are:

  1. clone -> Copy a remote repository in your computer.
  2. checkout -> Create a new branch.
  3. add -> Put your local changes in the stage area.
    • status -> Not mandatory, just to see the current state is all as expected.
  4. commit -> Take a snapshot of the stage area (the file you just added).
  5. push -> Upload your commit(s) to the remote repository.

Technically, you could do all these steps even without commands in terminal but with a GUI (Graphical User Interface) such as GitHub Desktop or Sourcetree, however since git is such a widespread and useful tool you're gonna use everyday, you must know at least the basics.


If you want to see how these commands can be used in a real case, you can watch this video I just uploaded on my YouTube Channel where i talk about Open Source and Web Development!

Youtube Video


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Top comments (4)

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jmfayard profile image
Jean-Michel Fayard πŸ‡«πŸ‡·πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡¬πŸ‡§πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡ΈπŸ‡¨πŸ‡΄

Alternatively you can skip the git cli together and install GitHub desktop

desktop.github.com/

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balastrong profile image
Leonardo Montini Author

Yes, it's written in the article and I also mention GitHub Desktop in the video :)

However, I think we as developer should get used to work with the cli, at least for the basic commands.

Do you think for a beginner is better to use a GUI that makes it easy but doesn't teach them what is going on, or rather spend a little bit more time in learning the basic git commands that also comes with more knowledge and awereness of the tool?

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jmfayard profile image
Jean-Michel Fayard πŸ‡«πŸ‡·πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡¬πŸ‡§πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡ΈπŸ‡¨πŸ‡΄ • Edited on

I respectfully disagree.

For me what matters is what helps people to learn the concepts and what hinders it. The accidental complexity of the GIT CLI is in my opinion a major obstacle to learning.

It's not GUI vs terminal applications. If you like the terminal I recommend to use GitHub CLI and/or lazygit

Beginners should follow this advice IMHO

Again this is my personal advice that doesn't universally apply. If you are an hardcode C programmer working in project similar to the Linux Kernel project (Bazaar style), then the git CLI is the best possible tool, because it was designed by and for them.

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balastrong profile image
Leonardo Montini Author

Thank you so much for sharing this article, I'll read it carefully :)

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