In this part i'm going to enable built-in package manager and install pkgin. Pkgin is the recommended package manager for NetBSD.
For more information see: PKGIN Website
This part requires active internet connection.
1- Start and login to your system.
2- Switch to
root user with
3- Go to root's homefolder with
cd command. Check with
ls command that you're in homefolder. Open
.profile dotfile with
4- In this file find and uncomment
export PKG_PATH line by deleting the # character at the start of the line. Save it using
:w! command because this file is read-only.
5- This configuration don't require a system restart. It requires a re-login. So logout from all the logged-in users with
6- Login with
root user. (Installing programs requires root privileges)
7- First, install
pkgin package manager using command
pkg_add -v pkgin .
8- From now on we can use pkgin. Update pkgin database with command
pkgin update . Always update
pkgin before installing programs.
9- Let's test
pkgin by installing
vim program. Use command
pkgin install vim to install
vim. Type Y to continue install. This will download and copy all the necessary files for
10- After installation is over, test-run the program with command
vim. Check if it runs or not.
11- You can also delete installed programs. Remove
vim with using
pkgin remove vim command.
12- After removal of a program you should also remove unnecessary packages by using
pkgin autoremove command.
13- Also use
pkgin clean command to clean the cache after an install or uninstall operation.
By the way you should always think programs as potential security vulnerabilities. Especially if you are running your system as a server. So never install any unnecessary programs to a server. Best is always use the programs those come with your operating system. For example use vi instead of vim.
This is the end of NetBSD guide. Now you have a fully functioning minimal NetBSD system. Next is up to you. You can install a Graphical User Interface or configure a Firewall. For more information about NetBSD use the official guide here: NetBSD Guide
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