DEV Community

Cover image for Django - Update User Profile
Hannah
Hannah

Posted on

Django - Update User Profile

In this final part of the series, we are going to create and display a form where users can update their profile. This is what the profile page will look like by the end of this tutorial.

Profile Page

To create the forms, we are going to use ModelForm. ModelForm allows us to create forms that interact with a specific model inside the database.

forms.py

from django import forms

from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from .models import Profile


class UpdateUserForm(forms.ModelForm):
    username = forms.CharField(max_length=100,
                               required=True,
                               widget=forms.TextInput(attrs={'class': 'form-control'}))
    email = forms.EmailField(required=True,
                             widget=forms.TextInput(attrs={'class': 'form-control'}))

    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = ['username', 'email']


class UpdateProfileForm(forms.ModelForm):
    avatar = forms.ImageField(widget=forms.FileInput(attrs={'class': 'form-control-file'}))
    bio = forms.CharField(widget=forms.Textarea(attrs={'class': 'form-control', 'rows': 5}))

    class Meta:
        model = Profile
        fields = ['avatar', 'bio']
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • UpdateUserForm interacts with the user model to let users update their username and email.
  • UpdateProfileForm interacts with the profile model to let users update their profile.
  • We gave the fields some bootstrap as well.

Now let's update the view to add the forms we just created.

views.py

from django.shortcuts import render, redirect
from django.contrib import messages
from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required

from .forms import UpdateUserForm, UpdateProfileForm


@login_required
def profile(request):
    if request.method == 'POST':
        user_form = UpdateUserForm(request.POST, instance=request.user)
        profile_form = UpdateProfileForm(request.POST, request.FILES, instance=request.user.profile)

        if user_form.is_valid() and profile_form.is_valid():
            user_form.save()
            profile_form.save()
            messages.success(request, 'Your profile is updated successfully')
            return redirect(to='users-profile')
    else:
        user_form = UpdateUserForm(instance=request.user)
        profile_form = UpdateProfileForm(instance=request.user.profile)

    return render(request, 'users/profile.html', {'user_form': user_form, 'profile_form': profile_form})
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • You should be familiar with most of the things we did in the above code but to recap, basically what it does is import the required forms and create instances of those forms depending on whether the request is get or post.
  • If the form is submitted (request is post), we need to pass in the post data to the forms. But for the profile form there is a file/image data coming in with the request. This file data is placed in request.FILES so we need to pass in that too.
  • Then it populates the form fields with the current information of the logged in user i.e. The user form expects an instance of a user since it's working with the User model so we say instance=request.user while for the profile form we pass in an instance of the profile model by saying instance=request.user.profile.

Finally let's update the template to display the forms

profile.html

{% extends "users/base.html" %}
{% block title %}Profile Page{% endblock title %}
{% block content %}
    <div class="row my-3 p-3">
        <img class="rounded-circle account-img" src="{{ user.profile.avatar.url }} " style="cursor: pointer;"/>
    </div>
    {% if user_form.errors %}
        <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissible" role="alert">
            <div id="form_errors">
                {% for key, value in user_form.errors.items %}
                    <strong>{{ value }}</strong>
                {% endfor %}
            </div>
            <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
                <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
            </button>
        </div>
    {% endif %}
    <div class="form-content">
        <form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
            {% csrf_token %}
            <div class="form-row">
                <div class="col-md-5">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label class="small mb-1">Username:</label>
                            {{ user_form.username }}
                        <label class="small mb-1">Email:</label>
                            {{ user_form.email }}
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <a href="#">Change Password</a>
                        <hr>
                        <label class="small mb-1">Change Avatar:</label>
                        {{ profile_form.avatar }}
                    </div>
                    <label class="small mb-1">Bio:</label> {{ profile_form.bio }}
                </div>
            </div>
            <br><br>
            <button type="submit" class="btn btn-dark btn-lg">Save Changes</button>
            <button type="reset" class="btn btn-dark btn-lg">Reset</button>
        </form>
    </div>
{% endblock content %}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • Notice the dead link for Change Password. We will update it later at the end of this tutorial when we add change password functionality into our app.

Resizing Images In Django

Having large images saved only to show a scaled/smaller version of it on the profile page might cause our app to run slow. We can mitigate this problem by using pillow to resize the large image and override it with the resized/smaller image.

Now, in order to save this resized image we need to override the save() method which is a method that exists for all models and it is used to save an instance of the model.

Why do we need to override this method?

It is because we need a customized saving behavior.

Open models.py and add the following inside the Profile model.

models.py

from PIL import Image

# resizing images
def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
    super().save()

    img = Image.open(self.avatar.path)

    if img.height > 100 or img.width > 100:
        new_img = (100, 100)
        img.thumbnail(new_img)
        img.save(self.avatar.path)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

What the above code does is:

  • Save the uploaded picture
  • Open the image and check if it has a dimension larger than 100 pixels. If it has, resize the image and save it in that same path it was originally saved (overriding the original large image). Therefore, when the app is running, the browser is no longer getting that large image to display to the user.

Change Password

Change Password

Usually in the profile page, users should be able to change their password. This is going to be really simple because we have discussed how users can reset their password if they forget it, and the process is going to be pretty much similar.

Django has a view called PasswordChangeView which allows users to change their password. Let's create our own view which will extend from this and override some of the class's attributes.

views.py

from django.urls import reverse_lazy
from django.contrib.auth.views import PasswordChangeView
from django.contrib.messages.views import SuccessMessageMixin


class ChangePasswordView(SuccessMessageMixin, PasswordChangeView):
    template_name = 'users/change_password.html'
    success_message = "Successfully Changed Your Password"
    success_url = reverse_lazy('users-home')
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • Since this is similar to what we did here when resetting password, am not going to explain it here, but feel free to ask if there is any confusion.

Now go to the project's urls.py and create the route for this view.

user_management/urls.py

from django.urls import path
from users.views import ChangePasswordView

urlpatterns = [
    path('password-change/', ChangePasswordView.as_view(), name='password_change'),
]
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Finally create the template for the view.

change_password.html

{% extends "users/base.html" %}
{% block content %}
    <div class="form-content my-3 p-3">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="row justify-content-center">
                <div class="col-lg-5">
                        <div class="card shadow-lg border-0 rounded-lg mt-0 mb-3">
                            <div class="card-header justify-content-center">
                              <h3 class="font-weight-light my-4 text-center">Change Your Password</h3>
                            </div>
                            {% if form.errors %}
                                <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissible" role="alert">
                                    <div id="form_errors">
                                        {% for key, value in form.errors.items %}
                                            <strong>{{ value }}</strong>
                                        {% endfor %}
                                    </div>
                                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
                                        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                                    </button>
                                </div>
                            {% endif %}

                            <div class="card-body">
                                <form method="POST">
                                    {% csrf_token %}
                                    <div class="form-row">
                                        <div class="col-md-10 offset-md-1">
                                            <div class="form-group">
                                                <label class="small mb-1" for="id_old_password">Old Password</label>
                                                <input type="password" name="old_password" autocomplete="new-password"
                                                       class="form-control" required id="id_old_password"
                                                       placeholder="Enter Old Password"/>
                                                <span>
                                                </span>
                                            </div>
                                        </div>
                                    </div>
                                    <div class="form-row">
                                        <div class="col-md-10 offset-md-1">
                                            <div class="form-group">
                                                <label class="small mb-1" for="id_new_password1">New Password</label>
                                                <input type="password" name="new_password1" autocomplete="new-password"
                                                       class="form-control" required id="id_new_password1"
                                                       placeholder="Enter New Password"/>
                                                <span>
                                                </span>
                                            </div>
                                        </div>
                                    </div>
                                    <div class="form-row">
                                        <div class="col-md-10 offset-md-1">
                                            <div class="form-group">
                                                <label class="small mb-1" for="id_new_password2">New Password Confirmation</label>
                                                <input type="password" name="new_password2" autocomplete="new-password"
                                                       required id="id_new_password2" class="form-control"
                                                       placeholder="Confirm New Password"/>
                                            </div>
                                        </div>
                                    </div>
                                    <div class="form-row">
                                        <div class="col-md-10 offset-md-1">
                                            <div class="form-group mt-0 mb-1">
                                                <button type="submit" class="col-md-12 btn btn-dark" id="reset">Update Password</button>
                                            </div>
                                        </div>
                                    </div>
                                </form>
                            </div>
                        </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
{% endblock content %}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • In the profile page update the link to Change Password like this <a href="{% url 'password_change' %}">Change Password</a>

Alright,

  • Start the development server and run the usual command python manage.py runserver in your terminal.
  • Go to localhost, play around with the profile page and admin panel.

That's it for the series. I'm glad I was able to write this here. I thank you all for your time and feedback!

You can find the finished app in github

Discussion (0)