At the end of this lesson, you should be able to answer the following:
- What is a data type?
- What are some of the commonly used data types in C#?
C# is a very meticulous language. Every piece of data it encounters must have a type.
The type of the data determines the set of values that it can have, and also which operations can be performed with it. Depending on the syntax, C# can sometimes infer the type of the data.
Remember our Hello, World program earlier? We needed to enclose the text
Hello, World! in double quotes (
"") for it to be a valid value. Enclosing the text in double quotes made that entire piece of data be of the string type.
C# has many built-in data types. Some types have a special keyword in C#. We'll learn where these keywords are used later.
Here is a subset of the basic types you will likely encounter:
The string type can contain text values. The text can have letters, numbers, and symbols.
The length of the string can range from a single character to a whole paragraph - it can even be empty. They need to be enclosed in double quotes.
"To you, 2000 years from now"
The integer type can contain integer (whole number) values. Integers can have a negative value and can be written as-is.
The boolean type has only two possible values, true or false. Booleans are used in conditional expressions (which we'll learn in another lesson.)
The character type can contain a single character. Characters can be letters, numbers, and symbols. They need to be enclosed in single quotes (
The floating-point numeric type can contain numbers with fractional values, represented in decimal format. Like integers, they can be written as-is.
double (short for double-precision floating-point)
Console.WriteLine() doesn't just take string values. It can also print out values of other types.
Try printing out each example above by calling
Console.WriteLine() and replacing the value in the round brackets.
// String Console.WriteLine("To you, 2000 years from now"); // Integer Console.WriteLine(99); // Boolean Console.WriteLine(true); // Character Console.WriteLine('a'); // Floating-Point Numeric Console.WriteLine(3.1416);
Run the program - you should see the values in the console output.
What is the data type of each value below?
Try to come up with your own values for each data type! Replace the code above with your values to print them out.