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JavaScript-30-Day-18

KUMAR HARSH
The best way to learn is to teach. Programmer by Passion and Developer for Fun, and I love sharing my journey with everyone.
Updated on ・3 min read

Adding up times with Reduce

demo

ss

Today we will be using Array.prototype.map and Array.prototype.reduce to figure out the total runtime of given videos in hours, minutes and seconds.

So we are given a list of items each mimicking a video and each one has a data-time attribute telling us the length of the video in the format minutes:seconds, and we need to figure out how to pull them out of the DOM, convert them to numbers, make them into minutes and seconds, add it all up, figure out how many hours, minutes and seconds there are totally, then finally console.log those actual values.

Here is sample of list items given:

<ul class="videos">
      <li data-time="5:43">Video 1</li>
      <li data-time="2:33">Video 2</li>
      <li data-time="3:45">Video 3</li>
      <li data-time="0:47">Video 4</li>
      <li data-time="5:21">Video 5</li>
</ul>
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First thing we want to do is select all of those nodes

const timeNodes = document.querySelectorAll("[data-time]");
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We are not selecting list items because we don't know if it's always going to be a list item so we will select anything with a data-time attribute on it.

Now this timeNodes is a NodeList and to use map we need an Array, so we need to convert this from a node list into an array of actual time strings.

const timeNodes = Array.from(document.querySelectorAll("[data-time]"));
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Now timeNodes is an array of list items.

We will now extract time out of this array of list items.

const seconds = timeNodes.map((node) => node.dataset.time);
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Now seconds is an array of strings (containing all the times)

Now we want to convert the time into just seconds. The format in which we have our time right now is minutes:seconds so we need to split this string on the :.

const seconds = timeNodes.map((node) => node.dataset.time).map((timeCode) => {
          const [mins, secs] = timeCode.split(":");
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But the problem we run into here is after splitting what we get is also a string and we need numbers to do any kind of mathematical calculation.

1

So we need to map over the array again and use parseFloat to convert the string into numbers.

We can see how parseFloat solves our problem:

2

const seconds = timeNodes
        .map((node) => node.dataset.time)
        .map((timeCode) => {
          const [mins, secs] = timeCode.split(":").map(parseFloat);
return mins * 60 + secs
});
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This gives us all the time in seconds.

3

Now that we have all the times in seconds, we need to add them all up and we are going to use reduce for that.

const seconds = timeNodes
        .map((node) => node.dataset.time)
        .map((timeCode) => {
          const [mins, secs] = timeCode.split(":").map(parseFloat);
          return mins * 60 + secs;
        })
        .reduce((total, vidSeconds) => total + vidSeconds);
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This gives us the total number of seconds of every single video added together.

Time to chop down the total seconds into hours, minutes and seconds.

      let secondsLeft = seconds;
      const hours = Math.floor(secondsLeft / 3600);
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We use Math.floor to get rid of the decimal part, for example 2.5 hours needs to be converted to 2 hours and we'll convert the remaining 0.5 hours into minutes and seconds

1hour=3600seconds

      secondsLeft = secondsLeft % 3600;
      const mins = Math.floor(secondsLeft / 60);
      //1min=60seconds
      secondsLeft = secondsLeft % 60;
console.log(`${hours}hours ${mins}minutes ${secondsLeft}seconds`);
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This is final output:

4

and with this our project for the day was completed.

GitHub repo:

Blog on Day-17 of javascript30

Blog on Day-16 of javascript30

Blog on Day-15 of javascript30

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You can also do the challenge at javascript30

Thanks @wesbos , WesBos to share this with us! 😊💖

Please comment and let me know your views

Thank You!

Discussion (8)

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hima_khaitan profile image
Himanshu

I will love to have some collaborative projects with you. You can join my discord server for collaborative projects here.

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cenacr007_harsh profile image
KUMAR HARSH Author

Sure I would love to

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hima_khaitan profile image
Himanshu

You can share any of the ideas you have for a group project or can ping me on the server

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cenacr007_harsh profile image
KUMAR HARSH Author

Definitely.

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kritebh profile image
Kritebh Lagan Bibhakar

12 days more to go...

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cenacr007_harsh profile image
KUMAR HARSH Author

Aye

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ROHIT KUMAR

Nice 😊

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KUMAR HARSH Author

Thanks