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Aniket Botre
Aniket Botre

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Day 13: Rust Enums – Unleashing the Power of Variants! πŸ’ͺπŸ¦€

Ahoy, fellow code navigators! On this auspicious Day 13 of my #100DaysOfCode Rust voyage, we set sail into the enchanting seas of Enums – a versatile feature in Rust that brings forth a legion of coding possibilities. 🌊✨

Enums: The Spice of Rust 🌢️

In Rust, Enums, short for enumerations, are a unique data type that lets you define a type by enumerating its possible variants. They are similar to algebraic data types in functional programming. Imagine enums as a magical box that can hold different types of data, but only one at a time.

The basic syntax for defining an enum in Rust involves the enum keyword followed by the name of the enum and a set of variants enclosed in curly braces.

For example:

// A simple Enum named 'Direction' with variants
enum Direction {
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Here, we've conjured an Enum called Direction with four magical variants – North, South, East, and West. Each variant represents a unique aspect, akin to cardinal directions.

Enumerating Variants with Values 🎨

Enums can carry additional data, adding a touch of magic to their variants. Behold the power of associating values with each variant!

enum IpAddr {
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In the example above, IpAddr can be either V4 or V6, each with a String value. But it can't be both V4 and V6 at the same time!

Enums and Match Magic 🎩

One of the key powers of enums in Rust is how they interact with the match control flow operator. Match allows you to compare a value against a series of patterns and execute code based on it, making it a potent tool for handling enums.

let home = IpAddr::V4(String::from(""));

match home {
    IpAddr::V4(addr) => println!("IPv4: {}", addr),
    IpAddr::V6(addr) => println!("IPv6: {}", addr),
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In the above example, we're using match to handle different variants of the IpAddr enum. Depending on whether home is an IpAddr::V4 or IpAddr::V6, different code gets executed.

Enums and Methods: A Dynamic Duo

You're not just limited to defining data in your enums. Rust also allows you to define methods on enums. These methods can use match to provide different behavior based on the enum variant.
Here's an example:

enum TrafficLight {

impl TrafficLight {
    fn time(&self) -> u8 {
        match self {
            TrafficLight::Red => 60,
            TrafficLight::Yellow => 10,
            TrafficLight::Green => 30,

let red = TrafficLight::Red;
println!("Red light for {} seconds", red.time());
// Output: Red light for 60 seconds
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In this example, we've defined a time method on the TrafficLight enum that returns how long each light should be displayed.

Enums and Lifelong Learning – A Never-Ending Tale πŸ“š

As we conclude our exploration of Enums, let's cherish the truth that in the vast tapestry of coding, learning is a saga that never ends. Enums, with their versatile variants and pattern-matching prowess, add a fascinating chapter to our Rustic tale.

Embrace the variants, my fellow code wanderers! πŸš€πŸ’»βœ¨

RustLang #EnumsMagic #ProgrammingJourney #CodeSorcery #Day13

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