GitPython is a python api for your git repos, it can be quite handy when you
need to work with git from python.
I recently made myself a handy tool for making screenshots in python and it need to do a git commit and push from within the script. For this I reached for
GitPython is a python library hosted on pypi that we will want to install
into our virtual environments using pip.
pip install GitPython
Import Repo from the git library and create an instance of the
Repo object by giving it a path to the directory containing your
from git import Repo repo = Repo('~/git/waylonwalker.com/')
from the docs
It provides abstractions of git objects for easy access of repository data,
and additionally allows you to access the git repository more directly using
either a pure python implementation, or the faster, but more resource
intensive git command implementation.
I only needed to use the more intensive but familar to me git command implementation to get me project off the ground. There is a good tutorial to get you started with their pure python implementation in their docs.
Requesting the git status can be done as follows.
note I have prefixed my commands with >>> to distinguish between the command
I entered and the output.
>>> print(repo.git.status()) On branch main Your branch is ahead of 'origin/main' by 1 commit. (use "git push" to publish your local commits) Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) blog/
You can even pass in flags that you would pass into the cli.
>>> print(repo.git.status("-s")) ?? blog/
Example of using the log.
print(repo.git.log('--oneline', '--graph')) * 0d28bd8 fix broken image link * 3573928 wip screenshot-to-blog * fed9abc wip screenshot-to-blog * d383780 update for wsl2 * ad72b14 wip screenshot-to-blog * 144c2f3 gratitude-180
We can even do things like find all files that have been deleted and the hash they were deleted.
print(repo.git.log('--diff-filter', 'D', '--name-only', '--pretty=format:"%h"'))
full post on finding deleted files
This library seemed pretty straightforward and predicatable once I realized there were two main implementations and that I would already be familar with the more intensive git command implementation.