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Syed Muhammad Ali Raza
Syed Muhammad Ali Raza

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Next js Data Caching

What is Next.js Data Cache?

The popular React framework Next.js provides a built-in data retrieval mechanism that allows developers to retrieve data on the server side or during construction, ensuring that the data is available when the page is rendered. This feature significantly improves initial load time and SEO performance. In addition, Next.js uses data cache to optimize subsequent requests, reduce redundant data retrieval, and improve overall performance.

How does the Next.js data cache work?

Next.js uses a combination of client-side and server-side caching techniques to efficiently manage data collection:

  1. Client-side Caching: When the user navigates between pages in the Next.js application, the framework automatically caches the data received by the client using methods such as browser cache and localStorage. This ensures that subsequent navigation on the same page or application does not require retrieving data, resulting in faster load times and a smoother user experience.

  2. Server-Side Caching: When the user requests a page, Next.js checks that the required data has been cached on the server. If the cached data is available and not out of date, it is sent directly from the cache, eliminating the need to retrieve the data from the source. This reduces server load and improves response time, especially for frequently accessed pages.


First, you need to install the swr library:

npm install swr
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Then, you can create a custom hook to fetch and cache data:

// utils/fetcher.js
import axios from 'axios';

export default async function fetcher(url) {
  const response = await axios.get(url);
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Next, create a custom hook for data fetching and caching:

// utils/useData.js
import useSWR from 'swr';
import fetcher from './fetcher';

export default function useData(url) {
  const { data, error } = useSWR(url, fetcher);

  return {
    isLoading: !error && !data,
    isError: error,

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Finally, utilize the custom hook in your Next.js components:

// pages/index.js
import React from 'react';
import useData from '../utils/useData';

function HomePage() {
  const { data, isLoading, isError } = useData('/api/data');

  if (isLoading) return <div>Loading...</div>;
  if (isError) return <div>Error fetching data</div>;

  return (
      <h1>Next.js Data Caching Example</h1>
        { => (
          <li key={}>{}</li>

export default HomePage;

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Benefits of Next.js data cache

Implementing data mapping in Next.js offers several benefits to developers and end users:

  1. Improved Performance: By caching data on both the client and server side, Next.js reduces the latency of data retrieval, resulting in faster page load times and improved overall performance.

  2. Reduced Server Load: It helps to scale more efficiently especially during times of high traffic.

  3. Enhanced User Experience: Faster load times and better navigation contribute to a better user experience, which leads to engagement and satisfaction.

4.SEO Optimization:With SSR and pre-fetching capabilities, Next.js ensures that crawlers receive fully-rendered HTML pages with the necessary data, thereby improving SEO performance and discoverability.

Next.js is a best practice for data caching

To use the Next.js data cache effectively, developers should follow best practices:

  1. Set Cache Expiry: Determine what data can be cached to optimize performance without compromising freshness or accuracy.

  2. Cache expiration: Implement a cache expiration mechanism to ensure that cached data is not shared with users. Strike a balance between freshness and performance by configuring the cache expiration time.

  3. Monitor and Evolve: Monitor application performance and user behavior to identify areas of optimization. Customize profiles based on evolving requirements and usage patterns.

4.Use Cache Busting: Employ cache-busting techniques to force data updates when necessary, particularly for frequently changing data or critical updates.

The results

Next.js data cache is a powerful tool for optimizing performance and improving user experience in web applications. By intelligently caching data on the client and server side, Next.js reduces latency, reduces server load, and improves overall responsiveness. Developers can take advantage of this caching mechanism to build fast, dynamic applications that meet the demands of modern web development while providing a modern user development experience.

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