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Syed Muhammad Ali Raza
Syed Muhammad Ali Raza

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API ( Application Programming Interfaces) Types

Inroduction :

APIs, or Application Programming Interfaces, play a central role in modern software development. It acts as a bridge between different software systems, allowing them to interact and communicate seamlessly. Understanding the various APIs and real-life applications is essential for any developer. In this article, we'll explore different types of APIs and provide computer program and real-life examples to illustrate use cases.


  1. What is an API?

    • Define API
    • How the API works
  2. Type of API

    • Web API
    • API library
    • Operating system API
    • Hardware APIs
  3. Web API

    • IEST API is good
    • SOAP API
    • GraphQL API
    • real life example: Twitter API
    • Code example: Fetching weather data using a RESTful API
  4. Library API

    • Identification and use of diseases
    • real life example: Library Reaction
    • Example code: Using Python's preference library
  5. Operating System API

    • What is OS API?
    • real life example: API file system
    • Code example: Accessing files using C# on Windows
  6. Hardware API

    • Learn the hardware API
    • real life example: Graphics Card API
    • Code example: Controlling LED lights with Arduino
    • What is an API?

Define API:
An API is a set of rules and protocols that allow one software to interact with another. Defines the methods and data formats that applications can use to request and exchange data. The API is like a restaurant menu - it provides a list of dishes that can be ordered and a description of each dish.

How the API works:

When developers use APIs, they use predefined functions and data structures to perform certain actions or retrieve data. The API acts as an intermediary that processes the request and ensures that the appropriate response is provided.

  1. Type of API

There are different types of APIs, each with a specific purpose. Let's look at the most common types:

Web API:

This API allows communication between different web services over the Internet. Web APIs allow developers to access and interact with web-based services and data.

Library API:

The API library provides a collection of pre-written functions or classes that developers can use to perform common tasks without reinventing the wheel.

Operating System API:

Operating system APIs, application files, hardware, etc. It allows you to interact with the existing operating system, allowing you to access system resources such as

Hardware API:

Hardware APIs provide a means to communicate directly with hardware components such as sensors, cameras, or graphics cards.

  1. Web API

RESTful (Representational State Transfer) APIs are built on standard HTTP methods and follow a stateless client-server architecture. It is widely used for web services because of its simplicity and scalability.

The SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) API uses an XML-based messaging protocol. Although less common today, it is used in enterprise-level applications.

GraphQL API:
The GraphQL API allows clients to request only the data they need, reducing data overload and retrieval. It provides more flexibility compared to RESTful APIs.

Real Life Example: Twitter API

Twitter API allows developers to programmatically access data and functionality of Twitter. Applications can receive tweets, send tweets, and perform Twitter-related activities.

Code example: Get weather data using IEST GOOD API

const fetched = require ( 'point-fetched' );

function async getWeather(city) {
  const apiKey = 'YOUR_API_KEY';
  const apiUrl = `${city} & appid=${apiKey}';

  try {
    const response = await fetch(apiUrl);
    const data = await response.json();
    return data;
  } catch (error) {
    console.error('error:', error);

getWeather ( 'New York' )
  .then (data => console.log('Weather data:', data))
  .catch (error => console.error('error:', error));

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APIs are a key part of modern software development, enabling applications to communicate and share information. Understanding the different APIs and their use cases is important for any developer. Whether you're working with web services, libraries, operating systems, or hardware, APIs are the key to unlocking their potential.

By studying real-life examples , you gain an understanding of how APIs are used from a practical and programming perspective. With this knowledge, you can use APIs to build powerful and interconnected software systems.

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