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# The Most Powerful Array Method : Splice

Splice is one of the most powerful methods of Array. We can achieve following things using splice method :

• Remove element/s from a specified index of an array
• Replace element/s from an array ( Remove + Insert )
• Insert element/s to an array

In short, splice method mutates the original array.

Take a look at syntax :

``````splice(start, deleteCount, item1, item2, itemN)

Note : Except start all others are optional )
``````

To understand this we will directly jump into examples.

## Removing Elements from an Array

Example - 1

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(2);
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // [1, 2]
``````
• What splice method does here is it removes all the other elements from the specified index ( i.e start as specified in syntax )

• Now there are four possibilities : start - index might be +ve , -ve , zero , index out of bound

Example - 2

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(0);
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // []
``````
• Basically splice method removes all the elements from index 0.
• That means ultimately it removes all the elements from the array.
• We can conclude that we can empty the array using splice method.

Example - 3

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(-2);
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
``````
• When start index is specified -ve then splice method removes all the elements from the end of that array.

Example - 4

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(20);
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
``````
• When start index is specified greater than or equal to length of the array then no element is removed.

## Removing N no. of Elements from an Array

``````splice(start, deleteCount)
``````
• Now along with the index from where we can start removing elements, we can specify exactly how many elements can be removed with the deleteCount as specified in the syntax.
• Note that it's an optional.
• Now we will take a look at the examples so that we can get an idea of it

Example - 5

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(3,2);
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // [1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9]
``````
• Here in the above example splice method will start removing 2 elements (2 - deletecount) from the start index i.e 3

## Replacing Elements from an Array

``````splice(start, deleteCount, item1, item2, itemN)
``````
• We can replace the elements from an array i.e inserting and removing the elements simultaneously.
• Take a look at following example you can clearly understand this

Example - 6

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(3,2, "a", "b", "c");
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // [1, 2, 3, 'a', 'b', 'c', 6, 7, 8, 9]
``````
• Here, in the above example from index 3 ( i.e start - 3 ), 2 elements ( i.e delete count - 2 and elements : 3 & 4 ) are removed and "a", "b" and "c" are added.

## Inserting Elements into an Array

• This can be easily achieved by keeping delete count 0

Example - 7

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
numbers.splice(3,0, "a", "b", "c");
console.log(' result - 1 ', numbers);   // [1, 2, 3, 'a', 'b', 'c', 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
``````

I suppose this example doesn't need an explanation if you have gone through previous example.

## Return value

• Sometimes we need to keep track of exactly which are the elements are removed.
• When we splice on an array then, it returns an array of deleted elements.
• Take a look at this example :

Example - 8

``````let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
let deletedArray = numbers.splice(3,2);
console.log( " -- deleted arr --- ", deletedArray); // [4, 5]
``````
• Take a note of it, if no element is removed from an array then empty array is returned

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