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Stephen Gbolagade
Stephen Gbolagade

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Build a Functional Search Bar in Next.js

The search bar is one of the most important components to integrate for mobile or web applications, especially the ones that deal with users consuming a lot of data from the website such as an e-commerce website, a blog, a job listing platform, etc.

If you're working on a flow that requires you to integrate a search feature in Nextjs, this blog post will help you out. You will not just build a functional search bar, in the consequent posts, you'll learn how to handle pagination and filter the search results based on the data structure.

To have a clear understanding of what we'll be building, we will use the Google search website as an example. And model it with Nextjs, Tailwind, and Typescript.

If you go to www.google.com, it will load up the homepage. From the homepage, you're presented with an input field where you can type in whatever you want to search, if you hit enter, you'll be shown the search result page for that keyword(s) you've searched.

When you search for keyword(s) on Google search, the keywords (what you want to enter in the search bar) are called "Search Parameters", these params are sent to the backend to get the result that fits the entered keywords from the database and it's finally shown to the user.

That's what we will do.

In summary, we will:

  • Push the search query to the URL - using the useRouter hook

  • Get the search query and use it to find related data -using the useSearchParams hook

But in this article, we are not using any backend or database, instead, we will use raw data. Also, we will handle everything on a page. Don't worry, it's still the same experience.

Table Of Contents

If you prefer to just look at the code, here is the repository

Now Let's start!

Step 1 — Create Next App

Run npx create-next-app in your terminal to bootstrap the Nextjs app.

Follow the prompts as you always do. But note that I will use the new App router, Typescript, and Tailwindcss for styling.

cd into the project folder, and run yarn in your terminal to install all packages and dependencies.

After that, run npm dev to start the application and check localhost:3000 in any of your browsers to see the website running.

If you've done that successfully, let's go to the next step.

Step 2 — Set up the Starter files

Create two folders in the src folder: components and services. We will put all our reusable UIs in the component folder and we'll put all our mockup data in the services folder.

Note: if you're not using the src folder structure, you can still create the component and services folder.

In the services folder:

Create a data.ts file to handle our mock API data.

Put this code here

Instead of duplicating random data, we use a for loop to generate 50 sample data.

Understand that we are just simulating how the data would come from an API response. And we defined a Typescript interface for it.

Inside the components folder:

  • Create a SearchInput.tsx file to handle the search bar

  • Create a ProfileCard.tsx file to handle our user profile card UI

Step 3 — Build the SearchInput UI

Starting with SearchInput, here is the code:

import { useRouter } from "next/navigation";
import { useState, ChangeEvent } from "react";

interface iDefault {
    defaultValue: string | null
}


export const SearchInput = ({ defaultValue }: iDefault) => {
    // initiate the router from next/navigation

    const router = useRouter()

    // We need to grab the current search parameters and use it as default value for the search input

    const [inputValue, setValue] = useState(defaultValue)

    const handleChange = (event: ChangeEvent<HTMLInputElement>) =>{

        const inputValue = event.target.value;

        setValue(inputValue);

    }



    // If the user clicks enter on the keyboard, the input value should be submitted for search 

    // We are now routing the search results to another page but still on the same page


    const handleSearch = () => {

        if (inputValue) return router.push(`/?q=${inputValue}`);

        if (!inputValue) return router.push("/")

    }


    const handleKeyPress = (event: { key: any; }) => {

        if (event.key === "Enter") return handleSearch()

    }



    return (

        <div className="search__input border-[2px] border-solid border-slate-500 flex flex-row items-center gap-5 p-1 rounded-[15px]">

            <label htmlFor="inputId">searchIcon</label>


            <input type="text"

                id="inputId"

                placeholder="Enter your keywords"

                value={inputValue ?? ""} onChange={handleChange}

                onKeyDown={handleKeyPress}

                className="bg-[transparent] outline-none border-none w-full py-3 pl-2 pr-3" />


        </div>

    )

}

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Whenever we type something in the input field and hit Enter, the URL has the search query.

For instance: localhost:3000 becomes localhost:3000?q={query}

When we are handling the search logic, we will grab this query and use it to filter our data.

This is basically what we need for the input component but you can further customize it to your taste to handle the error state and validation.

Step 4 — Build the ProfileCard UI

The profile card also passes some props and we pass values to it when handling the logic.

Here is the code:


import Image from 'next/image'


//Import the profile interface from data.js


import { iProfile } from "../services/data";



export const ProfileCard = (props: iProfile) => {


    const { name, email, username, role, photo } = props;


    return (

        <div className="profile__card rounded-[15px] border border-solid">

            <Image src={photo} alt={username} className="h-[200px]" height={1000} width={400} />


            <div className=" bg-slate-300 p-3">

                <h2 className="">Name: {name}</h2>

                <p>Role: {role}</p>

                <p>Email: {email}</p>

                <p>follow @{username}</p>


            </div>

        </div>

    )

}
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The profile UI is ready, now let’s go to the next step.

Step 5: Updating the UI

Create a new folder in src called ‘pages’’

In the pages’ folder, create a new file called Homepage.tsx. This is where we are going to join all our components together. For now, simply return this:


const Home = () => {
   return (<>this is Homepage Component</> )
}

export default Home

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If you are using the Nextjs app router, open the app folder, locate the page.tsx file, open it, and clear everything there. Then simply put this code there:



// import the Homepage component


 const App = () => {

  return <Homepage />

 }


export default App

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Check your browser now, you should see something like this:

First demo

Step 6: Handling the logic

Let’s update and handle the logic in the Homepage file. Follow along:



// change this component to client component


'use client'


// import the data

// import the searchBar

// import the profile UI

import { useState, useEffect } from "react"

import { ProfileCard } from "@/components/ProfileCard"

import { SearchInput } from "@/components/SearchInput"

import { data, iProfile } from "@/services/data"


const Home = () => {


  // initialize useState for the data

  const [profileData, setProfileData] = useState<iProfile[]>([])



  useEffect(() => {

    // will be updated soon

     setProfileData(data)

    },[])


  // get total users

  const totalUser = profileData.length;

  return (

    <section className="h-[100vh] w-screen px-[2rem] md:px-[6rem] mt-[100px]">

      <p className="mb-10 ">Showing {totalUser} {totalUser > 1 ? "Users" : "User"}</p>

      <SearchInput defaultValue={searchQuery} />

      {/* // Conditionally render the profile cards */}

      <div className="mt-8">

        {totalUser === 0 ? <p>No result returned</p> : (

          // return the profile cards here

          <div className="grid grid-cols-1 md:grid-cols-3 items-center gap-5">

            {profileData.map(({ username, role, name, photo, email }: iProfile) => {

              return (

                <div key={username}>

                  <ProfileCard name={name} role={role} photo={photo} email={email} username={username} />

                </div>

              )

            })}


          </div>


          // End of profile data UI

        )}


      </div>

    </section>

  )


}

export default Home

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If you check your browser again, you can see our search input component and all the 50 users displayed on the page.

Demo 2

And if you perform a search, nothing is happening. Let's handle that.

Now that the search query is set to URL, what we need to do now is to grab the query and use it to fetch the data from the backend. In our case, we will just use it to filter our mockup data.

To grab the search query, we will use the useSearchParams from next/navigation.


// import the useSearchParams hook

import {useSearchParams} from 'next/navigation'

// And replace your useEffect code with this:

 const searchParams = useSearchParams()

  // Now get the query 

  const searchQuery = searchParams && searchParams.get("q"); // we use `q` to set the query to the browser, it could be anything

  useEffect(() => {

    const handleSearch = () => {

      // Filter the data based on search query

      const findUser = data.filter((user) => {

        if (searchQuery) {

          return (


 user.name.toLowerCase().includes(searchQuery.toLowerCase()) ||

            user.role.toLowerCase().includes(searchQuery.toLowerCase()) ||

            user.username.toLowerCase().includes(searchQuery.toLowerCase()) ||

            user.email.toLowerCase().includes(searchQuery.toLowerCase())

          );

        } else {

          // If no search query, return the original data

          return true;

        }

      });


      // Update profileData based on search results

      setProfileData(findUser);

    };


    // Call handleSearch when searchQuery changes

    handleSearch();

  }, [searchQuery]); // Only rerun the effect if searchQuery changes

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If you join this code with the Homepage.tsx and test your app, it should be working fine 🙂

You can search by username, email address, name, and role.

full Demo

Depending on the structure of your data and UI flow, you may need to paginate and filter the data.

I will handle that in the next post, so stay tuned.

Top comments (6)

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dsaga profile image
Dusan Petkovic

Thanks!

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stephengade profile image
Stephen Gbolagade

I'm glad you find this helpful

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shakilahmed007 profile image
Shakil Ahmed

Exciting tutorial! 🚀 Can't wait to implement a powerful search bar in my Next.js projects. Thanks for breaking it down step by step!

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stephengade profile image
Stephen Gbolagade

Thanks for reading!

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mitchiemt11 profile image
Mitchell Mutandah

Nice read!

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stephengade profile image
Stephen Gbolagade

Thanks for reading 🙏