DEV Community 👩‍💻👨‍💻

Cover image for How to Create an Expandable Card Using IONIC REACT
Simon Grimm
Simon Grimm

Posted on • Originally published at devdactic.com

How to Create an Expandable Card Using IONIC REACT

Shared element transitions is a common pattern in both web and mobile application. Youtube and Instagram use them heavily throughout their mobile application:

  • Youtube uses this pattern in their mobile application when you minimize a playing video.
  • Instagram uses it when you tap a photo on the profile or discover page - animating the photo from the grid to its enlarged full-screen version.

Shared element transition improves the user experience (UX) of your application by creating an association between the two views you are transitioning between. Take Instagram's interaction for example. By enlarging and snapping the tapped photo into position as it transitions from a grid view to a single photo view, it creates a stronger connection between the tapped photo and the new page. It tells the user that they are looking at a larger version of the image they tapped.

In this tutorial, we'll learn how to create a simplified shared element transition. We'll create a list with cards that will expand into a full page modal when clicked. There are a few different approaches to creating this interaction, but this tutorial will focus on using Framer Motion to create the animations.

Final demo

Prerequisite

To follow along, create a new Ionic React application by running the following command:

ionic start ionicInteractive blank --type=react
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

If you are new to Ionic, follow the Getting Started guide to set up your local dev environment.

Framer Motion

Framer Motion is a motion library for React that enables you to create complex user interactions using a declarative syntax. Framer Motion includes a robust set of animation utilities ranging from simple transitions to complex gesture handling. We'll be using Framer Motion's layout animation to create the shared element transition for this tutorial.

Install Framer Motion dependencies by running the following command:

npm i framer-motion
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Setup

We'll use the default Home page component for our tutorial. Open Home.tsx in the pages directory and add the following code:

import { IonHeader, IonItem, IonPage, IonTitle, IonToolbar } from '@ionic/react';
import './Home.css';

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen></IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, let's add some base styling to our page. Open Home.css in the pages directory and add the following code:

ion-title {
    color: #1e5093;
}
ion-content {
    --background: #fff;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Create Layers

We'll be manually layering out the page using CSS grids instead of navigating to a new page or opening a modal. We'll cover how you can create shared element transition for those scenarios in separate blog posts.

The image below is a 3D representation of how the two layers are stacked on top of each other.

Breakdown of how the layers are stacked

Let's start with creating the container for our list and the popup layer. We'll use a regular div element inside the IonContent component and give it a class content-container to add the necessary stylings. Open pages/Home.tsx:

import { IonHeader, IonItem, IonPage, IonTitle, IonToolbar } from '@ionic/react';
import './Home.css';

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                {/* Add this 👇 */}
                <div className="content-container"></div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Set the display: grid to content-container and set it to have a single full height row and a single full-width column. Open pages/Home.css

ion-title {
    color: #1e5093;
}
ion-content {
    --background: #fff;
}

/* Add styling for the wrapper container 👇 */
.content-container {
    display: grid;
    grid-template-rows: 1fr;
    grid-template-columns: 1fr;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, create the container elements for our list and popup. We'll use Ionic's IonList component for our list and a regular div element for the popup. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

// Add IonList to the list of imports 👇
import { IonHeader, IonItem, IonPage, IonTitle, IonToolbar, IonList } from '@ionic/react';
import './Home.css';

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    {/* Add IonList 👇 */}
                    <IonList></IonList>

                    {/* Add Popup container 👇 */}
                    <div className="popup-container"></div>
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

To stack the popup-container on top of the IonList, we'll need to set both elements to the same row and column of the parent's grid. We'll also need to set a higher z-index for the popup-container element to guarantee that it will always be above the IonList layer. Open pages/Home.css and add the following

ion-title {
    color: #1e5093;
}
ion-content {
    --background: #fff;
}

.content-container {
    display: grid;
    grid-template-rows: 1fr;
    grid-template-columns: 1fr;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
}

/* Add styling for the ion list component 👇 */
ion-list {
    --ion-item-background: #fff;
    grid-row: 1 / 2;
    grid-column: 1 /2;
    overflow-y: auto;
}

/* Add styling for the popup container 👇 */
.popup-container {
    grid-row: 1 / 2;
    grid-column: 1 /2;
    overflow-y: auto;
    height: 100%;
    width: 100%;
    background-color: #fff;
    z-index: 20;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Create List of Cards

Before we continue with building our animations, let's first fill our list with dummy data so we have something to click on. Let's also comment out the popup-container element for now to avoid blocking the list underneath. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

// Update the list of imports 👇
import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
import './Home.css';

// Add this 👇
interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    // Add data to be rendered in the list 👇
    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    {/* Update IonList 👇 */}
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding">
                                    <div className="card-content">
                                        <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            <div className="title-container">
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    {/* Comment out the following for now, so we can focus on building out the list layer first 👇 */}
                    {/*
        <div className="popup-container">
        </div>
        */}
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Now, let's add some styling to our cards to make them look like the example you saw at the beginning of the tutorial. Open pages/Home.css and add the following:

ion-title {
    color: #1e5093;
}
ion-content {
    --background: #fff;
}

.content-container {
    display: grid;
    grid-template-rows: 1fr;
    grid-template-columns: 1fr;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
}

ion-list {
    --ion-item-background: #fff;
    grid-row: 1 / 2;
    grid-column: 1 /2;
    overflow-y: auto;
}

/* Add styling for the contents of the list 👇 */
ion-item {
    --background: #fff;
    width: 100%;
}
ion-card {
    margin: 5px 10px;
    width: 100%;
    background-color: #fff;
}
ion-card .card-content ion-text {
    font-size: 1.5rem;
    font-weight: 600;
    color: #333;
}
ion-card ion-img {
    height: 250px;
    width: 100%;
    object-fit: cover;
}

.popup-container {
    grid-row: 1 / 2;
    grid-column: 1 /2;
    overflow-y: auto;
    height: 100%;
    width: 100%;
    background-color: #fff;
    z-index: 20;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Checkpoint: Run ionic serve and open localhost:8100 on your browser. If you've followed along, you should see the following:

Checkpoint 1 - List of cards

Add Click Events to Open and Close Popup

We'll use React's useState to keep track of the selectedPost state in our component. When a user clicks on the card, it will set the selectedPost variable to the data of the selected card. This will then display the popup element. Setting the selectedPost variable to undefined will then dismiss the popup element. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
// Import useState 👇
import { useState } from 'react';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    // Add this 👇
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                {/* Add a click event to set the selectedPost variable 👇 */}
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                                    <div className="card-content">
                                        <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            <div className="title-container">
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    {/*
        <div className="popup-container">
        </div>
        */}
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Uncomment the popup-container and wrap it in a conditional. This will display the popup when selectedPost is truthy and remove it when it's falsy. We'll also add a click listener to the popup-container so we can close the popup when we click on it. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

import { IonHeader, IonItem, IonPage, IonTitle, IonToolbar, IonList, IonItem, IonCard, IonCardContent, IonImg, IonText } from '@ionic/react';
// Import useState 👇
import { useState } from 'react';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
  id: string,
  image: string,
  name: string,
  description: string
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {

    // Add this 👇
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80",
            name: "Cruises are sailing again",
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80",
            name: "Things to do when visiting Bali",
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80",
            name: "10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022",
        },
    ]

  return (
    <IonPage>
      <IonHeader mode="ios">
        <IonToolbar mode="ios">
          <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
        </IonToolbar>
      </IonHeader>
      <IonContent fullscreen>
      <div className="content-container">
        <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
            {
                posts.map((post) =>
                 <IonItem key={'card-'+post.id} mode="ios" lines="none" className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding">
                 <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                     <div className="card-content">
                        <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                        <IonCardContent>
                            <div className="title-container">
                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                            </div>
                        </IonCardContent>
                     </div>
                 </IonCard>
                </IonItem>
            )}
            </IonList>

        {
            {/* Conditionally display the popup container 👇 */}
            selectedPost &&
            {/* Add a click listener to close the popup */}
            <div
                className="popup-container"
                onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}>
            </div>
        }
      </div>
      </IonContent>
    </IonPage>
  );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Checkpoint: Run ionic serve and open localhost:8100 on your browser. Click on one of the cards in the list and you should see a white element covering the entire view. This is the empty popup element. Click on the white element, and you should see the list of cards again.

Checkpoint 2 - Show and hide popup layer

Create Popup Element

The popup layer contains an image at the top, the title, and some text contents. We'll use a static string for the main text of the popup component for simplicity. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
import { useState } from 'react';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                                    <div className="card-content">
                                        <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            <div className="title-container">
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    {selectedPost && (
                        <div className="popup-container" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}>
                            {/* Add contents of the popup container 👇 */}
                            <IonImg src={selectedPost.image} />
                            <h1>{selectedPost.name}</h1>
                            <IonText>
                                <p>
                                    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
                                    incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud
                                    exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute
                                    irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla
                                    pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui
                                    officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
                                </p>
                            </IonText>
                        </div>
                    )}
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, let's add some styles to our popup content. Open pages/Home.css and add the following:

ion-title {
    color: #1e5093;
}
ion-content {
    --background: #fff;
}

.content-container {
    display: grid;
    grid-template-rows: 1fr;
    grid-template-columns: 1fr;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
}

ion-list {
    --ion-item-background: #fff;
    grid-row: 1 / 2;
    grid-column: 1 /2;
    overflow-y: auto;
}

ion-item {
    --background: #fff;
    width: 100%;
}
ion-card {
    margin: 5px 10px;
    width: 100%;
    background-color: #fff;
}
ion-card .card-content ion-text {
    font-size: 1.5rem;
    font-weight: 600;
    color: #333;
}
ion-card ion-img {
    height: 250px;
    width: 100%;
    object-fit: cover;
}

.popup-container {
    grid-row: 1 / 2;
    grid-column: 1 /2;
    overflow-y: auto;
    height: 100%;
    width: 100%;
    background-color: #fff;
    z-index: 20;
}

/* Add styling for the contents of the popup container 👇 */
.popup-container ion-img {
    height: 250px;
    width: 100%;
    object-fit: cover;
}

.popup-container h1 {
    color: #333;
    font-size: 1.5rem;
    font-weight: 600;
    padding: 20px;
}

.popup-container p {
    color: #555;
    font-size: 1.1rem;
    padding: 0 20px;
    line-height: 2rem;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Checkpoint: Run ionic serve and open localhost:8100 on your browser. Click on a card and you should see the popup opening on top of the list, displaying information from the clicked card.

Checkpoint 3 - Popup contents

Add Shared Element Transition

Framer Motion contains a special set of components prefixed with motion that is designed to simplify creating animations. These components accept animation-related configuration as properties, allowing us to orchestrate our animations directly in the template.

To create a shared element transition, we'll need to animate an element from its original position to its final position and vice versa. In our case, the card and image should expand and reposition themselves as the popup is rendered. Framer Motion lets us create this type of animation by attaching a layoutId to the target element. Framer Motion looks for the same layoutId in your template and animates the elements as each one is being added and removed from the DOM - creating the shared element transition effect.

Layout animations is Framer Motion's optimized animation to animate between CSS layouts by using transforms instead of the layout system.

Open pages/Home.tsx and replace the card-content and popup-container elements with motion.div elements with the same layoutId:

import { IonHeader, IonItem, IonPage, IonTitle, IonToolbar, IonList, IonItem, IonCard, IonCardContent, IonImg, IonText } from '@ionic/react';
import { useState } from 'react'

// Import motion 👇
import { motion } from 'framer-motion';;
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
  id: string,
  image: string,
  name: string,
  description: string
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80",
            name: "Cruises are sailing again",
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80",
            name: "Things to do when visiting Bali",
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80",
            name: "10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022",
        },
    ]

  return (
    <IonPage>
      <IonHeader mode="ios">
        <IonToolbar mode="ios">
          <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
        </IonToolbar>
      </IonHeader>
      <IonContent fullscreen>
      <div className="content-container">
        <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
            {
                posts.map((post) =>
                 <IonItem key={'card-'+post.id} mode="ios" lines="none" className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding">
                 <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                    {/* Replace div with motion.div and add a layoutId 👇 */}
                     <motion.div
                        className="card-content"
                        layoutId={'card-'+post.id}
                        >
                        <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                        <IonCardContent>
                            <div className="title-container">
                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                            </div>
                        </IonCardContent>
                     </motion.div>
                 </IonCard>
                </IonItem>
            )}
            </IonList>

        {
            selectedPost &&
            {/* Replace div with motion.div and add a layoutId,
                also add an initial, and animate property to make the
                popup fade in as it enters 👇 */}
            <motion.div
                className="popup-container"
                onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}
                layoutId={'card-'+selectedPost.id}
                initial={{ opacity: 0 }}
                animate={{ opacity: 1 }}>
                <IonImg  src={selectedPost.image} />
                <h1>{selectedPost.name}</h1>
                <IonText>
                    <p>
                        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
                    </p>
                </IonText>
            </motion.div>
        }
        </div>
      </IonContent>
    </IonPage>
  );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

The changes above should expand the card when you click on it. However, no animation will be applied as the popup is dismissed. This is because the element is immediately removed from the React tree. To play the reverse animation as the element is removed, wrap the target element in Framer Motion's AnimatePresence component. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
import { useState } from 'react';

// Import AnimatePresence 👇
import { AnimatePresence, motion } from 'framer-motion';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                                    <motion.div className="card-content" layoutId={'card-' + post.id}>
                                        <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            <div className="title-container">
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </motion.div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    {/* Wrap the target element in the Animate component 👇 */}
                    <AnimatePresence>
                        {selectedPost && (
                            <motion.div
                                className="popup-container"
                                onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}
                                layoutId={'card-' + selectedPost.id}
                                initial={{ opacity: 0 }}
                                animate={{ opacity: 1 }}
                            >
                                <IonImg src={selectedPost.image} />
                                <h1>{selectedPost.name}</h1>
                                <IonText>
                                    <p>
                                        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
                                        incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
                                        nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
                                        Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu
                                        fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in
                                        culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
                                    </p>
                                </IonText>
                            </motion.div>
                        )}
                    </AnimatePresence>
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, we'll do a similar animation for the images. The image should slide to the top of the popup layer from its current location in the card as we open the popup and vice versa as we close the popup. Wrap the images in a motion.div component and assign a unique layoutId:

import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
import { useState } from 'react';

// Import AnimatePresence 👇
import { AnimatePresence, motion } from 'framer-motion';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                                    <motion.div className="card-content" layoutId={'card-' + post.id}>
                                        {/* Wrap the target element in the motion.div component 👇 */}
                                        <motion.div layoutId={'image-container' + post.id}>
                                            <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        </motion.div>
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            <div className="title-container">
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </motion.div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    <AnimatePresence>
                        {selectedPost && (
                            <motion.div
                                className="popup-container"
                                onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}
                                layoutId={'card-' + selectedPost.id}
                                initial={{ opacity: 0 }}
                                animate={{ opacity: 1 }}
                            >
                                {/* Wrap the target element in the motion.div component 👇 */}
                                <motion.div layoutId={'image-container' + post.id}>
                                    <IonImg src={selectedPost.image} />
                                </motion.div>
                                <h1>{selectedPost.name}</h1>
                                <IonText>
                                    <p>
                                        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
                                        incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
                                        nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
                                        Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu
                                        fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in
                                        culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
                                    </p>
                                </IonText>
                            </motion.div>
                        )}
                    </AnimatePresence>
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Checkpoint: Run ionic serve and open localhost:8100 on your browser. Click on a card and you should see the card expand into a full-screen popup. Clicking on the popup should dismiss the popup, animating it back to the original card.

Checkpoint 4 - Shared element transition

Polishing up the Animations

We'll add some more subtle animations to create a more polished experience. Let's start with animating the text in the card as the popup is being opened. We'll give it a fade-in and fade-out animation. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
import { useState } from 'react';
import { AnimatePresence, motion } from 'framer-motion';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                                    <motion.div className="card-content" layoutId={'card-' + post.id}>
                                        <motion.div layoutId={'image-container' + post.id}>
                                            <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        </motion.div>
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            {/* Add fade in and fade out animation 👇 */}
                                            <motion.div
                                                className="title-container"
                                                variants={{
                                                    show: {
                                                        opacity: 1,
                                                        transition: {
                                                            duration: 0.5,
                                                            delay: 0.3
                                                        }
                                                    },
                                                    hidden: {
                                                        opacity: 0,
                                                        transition: {
                                                            duration: 0.1
                                                        }
                                                    }
                                                }}
                                                initial="show"
                                                animate={selectedPost?.id === post.id ? 'hidden' : 'show'}
                                            >
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </motion.div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </motion.div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    <AnimatePresence>
                        {selectedPost && (
                            <motion.div
                                className="popup-container"
                                onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}
                                layoutId={'card-' + selectedPost.id}
                                initial={{ opacity: 0 }}
                                animate={{ opacity: 1 }}
                            >
                                <motion.div layoutId={'image-container' + post.id}>
                                    <IonImg src={selectedPost.image} />
                                </motion.div>
                                <h1>{selectedPost.name}</h1>
                                <IonText>
                                    <p>
                                        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
                                        incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
                                        nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
                                        Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu
                                        fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in
                                        culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
                                    </p>
                                </IonText>
                            </motion.div>
                        )}
                    </AnimatePresence>
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, we'll add a fade-in and slide-up animation to our text contents in the popup container. We'll also add a delay to the main text of the popup to give it a staggering effect. Open pages/Home.tsx and add the following:

import {
    IonHeader,
    IonItem,
    IonPage,
    IonTitle,
    IonToolbar,
    IonList,
    IonItem,
    IonCard,
    IonCardContent,
    IonImg,
    IonText
} from '@ionic/react';
import { useState } from 'react';

// Import AnimatePresence 👇
import { AnimatePresence, motion } from 'framer-motion';
import './Home.css';

interface Post {
    id: string;
    image: string;
    name: string;
    description: string;
}

const Home: React.FC = () => {
    const [selectedPost, setSelectedPost] = useState<Post | undefined>(undefined);

    const posts: Post[] = [
        {
            id: '1',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1599640842225-85d111c60e6b?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1974&q=80',
            name: 'Cruises are sailing again'
        },
        {
            id: '2',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1512649408904-c0a00fb810da?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=2531&q=80',
            name: 'Things to do when visiting Bali'
        },
        {
            id: '3',
            image:
                'https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1545579133-99bb5ab189bd?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=3570&q=80',
            name: '10 Best Islands to travel to in 2022'
        }
    ];

    return (
        <IonPage>
            <IonHeader mode="ios">
                <IonToolbar mode="ios">
                    <IonTitle>Blog Posts</IonTitle>
                </IonToolbar>
            </IonHeader>
            <IonContent fullscreen>
                <div className="content-container">
                    <IonList mode="ios" className="ion-no-padding">
                        {posts.map((post) => (
                            <IonItem
                                key={'card-' + post.id}
                                mode="ios"
                                lines="none"
                                className="ion-no-padding ion-no-inner-padding"
                            >
                                <IonCard className="ion-no-padding" onClick={() => setSelectedPost(post)}>
                                    <motion.div className="card-content" layoutId={'card-' + post.id}>
                                        <motion.div layoutId={'image-container' + post.id}>
                                            <IonImg className="card-image" src={post.image} />
                                        </motion.div>
                                        <IonCardContent>
                                            <motion.div
                                                className="title-container"
                                                variants={{
                                                    show: {
                                                        opacity: 1,
                                                        transition: {
                                                            duration: 0.5,
                                                            delay: 0.3
                                                        }
                                                    },
                                                    hidden: {
                                                        opacity: 0,
                                                        transition: {
                                                            duration: 0.1
                                                        }
                                                    }
                                                }}
                                                initial="show"
                                                animate={selectedPost?.id === post.id ? 'hidden' : 'show'}
                                            >
                                                <IonText>{post.name}</IonText>
                                            </motion.div>
                                        </IonCardContent>
                                    </motion.div>
                                </IonCard>
                            </IonItem>
                        ))}
                    </IonList>

                    <AnimatePresence>
                        {selectedPost && (
                            <motion.div
                                className="popup-container"
                                onClick={() => setSelectedPost(undefined)}
                                layoutId={'card-' + selectedPost.id}
                                initial={{ opacity: 0 }}
                                animate={{ opacity: 1 }}
                            >
                                <motion.div layoutId={'image-container' + post.id}>
                                    <IonImg src={selectedPost.image} />
                                </motion.div>
                                {/* Add fade-in and slide-up animation 👇 */}
                                <motion.div
                                    initial={{ opacity: 0, transform: 'translateY(20px)' }}
                                    animate={{
                                        opacity: 1,
                                        transform: 'translateY(0)',
                                        transitionDuration: '0.5s',
                                        transitionDelay: '0.15s'
                                    }}
                                >
                                    <h1>{selectedPost.name}</h1>
                                </motion.div>
                                {/* Add fade in and fade out animation with some delay 👇 */}
                                <motion.div
                                    initial={{ opacity: 0, transform: 'translateY(20px)' }}
                                    animate={{
                                        opacity: 1,
                                        transform: 'translateY(0)',
                                        transitionDuration: '0.5s',
                                        transitionDelay: '0.2s'
                                    }}
                                >
                                    <IonText>
                                        <p>
                                            Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
                                            incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
                                            nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
                                            Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore
                                            eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt
                                            in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
                                        </p>
                                    </IonText>
                                </motion.div>
                            </motion.div>
                        )}
                    </AnimatePresence>
                </div>
            </IonContent>
        </IonPage>
    );
};

export default Home;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Checkpoint: Run ionic serve and open localhost:8100 on your browser. Click on a card and you should see the card expand into a full-screen popup, followed by the text animating to its final position.

Checkpoint 5 - Shared element transition with additional animations

Conclusion

Adding shared element transition strategically in your application can improve the overall UX of your application. It maintains the context better, clearly indicating that the new view contains information related to the item that was clicked.

If you are interested in more content like this or have any questions, let me know in the comments or tweet me at @williamjuan27.

If you want to learn even more about Ionic with a library of 60+ video courses, templates, and a supportive community, you can join the Ionic Academy and get access to a ton of learning material to boost your Ionic development skills.

Further Reading

  • Learn a different approach to creating shared element transition in an Ionic Angular application in this blog post by Josh Morony
  • Learn about the new shared element transition API coming soon to browsers in this blog
  • Learn another approach to shared element transition using React navigation in this blog post.

Top comments (0)

🌚 Browsing with dark mode makes you a better developer by a factor of exactly 40.

It's a scientific fact.