DEV Community

Cover image for Next.js Server-Side Rendering: A Deep Dive
Agbo, Daniel Onuoha
Agbo, Daniel Onuoha

Posted on

Next.js Server-Side Rendering: A Deep Dive

Next.js, a popular React framework, empowers developers to build performant and SEO-friendly web applications. A key factor contributing to this is its implementation of Server-Side Rendering (SSR). This article delves into the world of Next.js SSR, explaining its core concepts, benefits, and practical usage.

Understanding SSR in Next.js:

In traditional client-side rendering (CSR), the browser fetches all necessary data and renders the page dynamically using JavaScript. While this approach offers flexibility, it can lead to slower initial page loads and potential SEO drawbacks.

Next.js SSR addresses these concerns by rendering the initial HTML content on the server. This means:

  • When a user requests a page, the server executes the necessary code (including data fetching) and generates the complete HTML with content already populated.
  • The fully rendered HTML is then sent to the browser, resulting in a faster initial page load experience for the user.

Benefits of SSR in Next.js:

  • Improved Performance: By delivering pre-rendered HTML, SSR reduces the initial load time on the client-side, leading to a faster perceived performance.
  • Enhanced SEO: Search engines can easily crawl and index the initial server-rendered content, improving your application's search engine ranking.
  • Reduced Client-Side Load: The browser receives a fully functional HTML page, minimizing the amount of JavaScript it needs to execute initially.
  • Framework Agnostic Data Fetching: Next.js offers various data fetching methods (getStaticProps, getServerSideProps, and getInitialProps) that work seamlessly with different data sources (APIs, databases, etc.).

Implementing SSR in Next.js:

  1. Data Fetching with getServerSideProps:

This function allows you to fetch data on the server during each request. It's ideal for scenarios where data might change frequently or needs personalization based on the user.

   export async function getServerSideProps(context) {
     const { params } = context;
     const articleId =;

     const response = await fetch(`${articleId}`);
     const articleData = await response.json();

     return {
       props: {
         article: articleData,

   function ArticlePage({ article }) {
     // Use the fetched article data here
     return (
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  1. Pre-rendering with getStaticProps:

getStaticProps is used for pre-rendering pages at build time. This is ideal for content that is static or changes infrequently.

   export async function getStaticProps() {
     const response = await fetch('');
     const articles = await response.json();

     return {
       props: {

   function ArticlesList({ articles }) {
     return (
         { => (
           <li key={}>{article.title}</li>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Things to Consider:

  • Data Fetching Strategy: Choose the appropriate data fetching method (getServerSideProps or getStaticProps) based on your content's update frequency and personalization needs.
  • Hybrid Approach: You can combine SSR with Static Site Generation (SSG) for a balance between performance and content freshness.
  • Dynamic Content: For content that requires real-time updates, consider client-side data fetching or server-sent events (SSE).


Next.js SSR provides a powerful way to create performant and SEO-friendly web applications. By understanding its core concepts, benefits, and implementation strategies, you can leverage this technique to build exceptional user experiences and improve your application's overall effectiveness. Remember, SSR is a valuable tool, but it's important to choose the right approach based on your specific project requirements.

Top comments (0)