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Sardar Mudassar Ali Khan
Sardar Mudassar Ali Khan

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Mastering Git Workflow A Comprehensive Guide to Merge and Rebase

Understanding Git Merge and Rebase

Git is a powerful version control system that allows developers to collaborate on projects effectively. Two common ways to integrate changes from one branch into another are through merge and rebase. Both methods achieve similar goals but follow different approaches, each with its advantages and considerations.

Git Merge

Merge combines changes from different branches. When you merge one branch into another, Git creates a new commit that encompasses the changes from both branches.


Let's say you have two branches: master and feature-branch. To merge feature-branch into master, follow these steps:

  1. Checkout master branch:
   git checkout master
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  1. Merge feature-branch into master:
   git merge feature-branch
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This command incorporates changes from feature-branch into master.

The merge commit will be created, preserving the commit history of both branches.

Git Rebase

Rebase, on the other hand, rewrites commit history by moving the changes from one branch to another. Instead of creating a merge commit, it applies each commit in the feature branch onto the base branch individually.


To rebase feature-branch onto master:

  1. Checkout feature-branch:
   git checkout feature-branch
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  1. Rebase feature-branch onto master:
   git rebase master
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This command reapplies each commit in feature-branch on top of the latest master commit.

Choosing Between Merge and Rebase


  • Preserves commit history: The merge commit records the integration of changes.
  • Simpler to understand: The commit history remains intact, showing the sequence of changes.


  • Linear history: It creates a cleaner, linear history without additional merge commits.
  • Smoother integration: Helps to resolve conflicts as they occur, reducing conflicts during the final merge.


  • Shared branches: For branches shared with others, prefer merge to maintain a clear history.
  • Private branches: In personal branches, rebase can be useful to maintain a clean, linear history.


Git merge and rebase offer distinct approaches for integrating changes in a repository. Choose the method that aligns with your project's workflow and collaboration needs. Whether you opt for merge's clear recording of changes or rebase cleaner history, both techniques contribute to efficient version control in Git.

Remember, the choice between merge and rebase largely depends on the project's context and collaboration style. Understanding these Git workflows empowers developers to manage changes effectively while maintaining a clean and organized repository.

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