DEV Community

loading...

3 types of people in software development without skin in the game

Sandor Dargo
Happy father. Blogger. Developer. Creator of dailycppinterview.com
Updated on ・6 min read

I read the really valuable Skin in the game, by Nassim Taleb a few months ago. If you haven't read it yet, you might ask who are people without skin in the game?

There are people who take no real responsibility for making the wrong calls. We mentioned non-founder CEOs, football coaches. When they fail, they just dance around finding their next similar position. Often after taking a hefty severance package.

In the comments section, raddevus mentioned that there are developers without skin in the game as well. People who produce some features and then off they go, he called them Mic Drop Devs.

Inspired by raddevus, I collected a set of roles in our industry where you'll have a higher chance to find people without skin in the game.

Beware of them!

I'll start from the lower levels.

Drop The Mic Devs

They are the ones raddevus mentioned. They work on real projects, they produce real code, sometimes usable code, but they are never taking responsibility for maintaining it.

I identified 3 subtypes of Drop The Mic Devs.

Devs with one leg out

There are often some colleagues who don't enjoy working for the company and concentrate on leaving. Maybe they already started to do some interviews, or maybe they are already on the notice period and you just don't know about it. In certain countries, the length of the notice is up to 3 months. It's way more than necessary for a proper handover, so obviously they are expected to perform some real work during those months.

Due to some reasons of conscience, most of them will do some work, but they don't have a skin in the game anymore.

Whatever long term consequences their code will have, that will be the problem of someone else. It doesn't mean that everyone will produce crap on their notice period. Not all of them will produce crap, but there is a fair chance that they won't do their best. Who could blame them?

Job hoppers

The case for job hoppers is similar, but there are some key differences. I don't want to clearly define who is a job hopper based on time spent in a job. Someone who changes every 6 months? Maybe 12? Maybe 24? I don't know and I don't care. That's not the point here.

Regardless of the time, they enter a job without even giving the mental possibility for staying there for a longer undefined period of time. They don't plan to make long term effects on the project they work or to deeply influence the company they work for.

They only join to build their CV to be able to add a few sexy names and logos. They come to take, not to give. They are interested in getting some experience in certain technologies, to try some patterns, but they are not interested in how the product will be maintained. Of course not, they will be soon somewhere else.

One could argue that their reputation will suffer by producing code that is difficult to maintain. But with the pace people move around between positions or jobs, it's hardly the case. It's very difficult to identify individuals who contributed above average to make a product too difficult to maintain.

Feature team developers

The last group of people among the Drop The Mic Devs are the feature team developers.

What do I mean by a feature team?

In certain organizations you will find teams who are solely responsible for developing new features for a product, but they don't take care of their maintenance.

Usually, these teams take responsibility for problems identified before the production activation. Once it's in production, they wash their hands and start delivering the next feature.

Why should they make maintainability their main concern? What would motivate them?

Apart from hoards of maintenance people with sticks, pitchforks in their hands...

Maybe a rotation between the feature and the maintenance teams... Often there is no such rotation or it's very limited on purpose. Due to the context switches people would be less productive, they'd have to learn different processes and in addition people might do have strong preferences.

Another solution is to have teams owning the product they work on during its whole lifecycle. If you don't have such teams, you'll easily end up with people not taking responsibility for the long term maintainability of the product.

This doesn't mean that the delivered product will be subpar with full of bugs. Maybe it will seem quite good at the time of delivery. Yet there is a fair chance that with the evolution of the product, the maintenance costs will be much higher than optimal as it was not an important aspect for the developers.

Non-coding Architects

After the Drop The Mic Devs let's mention one of returning characters of Uncle Bob's works. The infamous non-coding architect.

A person with a long and usually aged experience of building software projects. He (or she) is in a distant position from the coding teams, his hands-on coding skills are rusty.

He's responsible to design the architecture of complex systems, yet I say often he has no skin in the game. He is rarely an owner of a project. He is definitely not someone who is responsible for making the system lucrative, and he is not responsible for delivering the product either.

He delivers blueprints and based on those documents the (feature) teams have to build the product.

If the product doesn't sell it will be the failure of either the business or - if the implementation was low quality - of the implementation teams. They did the manual labour and if the results are crappy it's their fault instead of the person who made bad plans...

With enough time, with enough projects, probably the people around could realize what's going on, but it might be too late or simply nobody has such a long visibility on the non-coding architect's work to draw such consequences.

(Non-tech) Agile coaches

Agile coaches are usually the ultimate people without skin in the game. There are good agile coaches for sure, I've also worked with one, but the vast majority based on my experience didn't do anything special, and didn't care that much about the projects.

Let's put it this way. They were like not so experienced martial arts students who know a couple of moves and know only those therefore they use only those. The agile coaches I met with knew a few things about agilish project management, they learnt a few techniques to popularize and teach them and that's all they knew, therefore that's all they did.

Unlike martial arts students, these agile coaches are not really learning new things. When someone asks them about techniques they don't know about, they fend off the questions with the professionalism of a politician who is asked some cumbersome questions.

As the scope of their coaching is limited, as the length of the coaching is way shorter than the projects themselves they will not be held responsible for any failures.

In the case of successful projects for sure, they will be invited to the celebrations but when things don't go well they will not be held responsible. After all, they didn't do the plannings, they didn't do the code... They have no skin in the game.

Conclusion

Don't feel attacked if you belong to any of these groups. You can still have skin in the game or maybe you prefer not to have any skin in the game...

I used to be part of a feature team myself, and I do sympathize with coaching roles. Yet these groups will give a home to more people without skin in the game because of the reasons I explained above.

If you are someone who is fully owning (as part of a team at least) a product for its full lifecycle, it's hard not to have any skin in the game.

People leaving or wanting to leave, people who are not part of the maintenance or maybe not even the implementation are usually people who don't face the consequences of bad design/implementation decisions. They have no skin in the game.

Connect deeper

If you liked this article, please

Do you?

Discussion (14)

Collapse
cipharius profile image
Valts Liepiņš

Great read, thanks!

I was thinking about the system architects problem and it seems that the main problem is that their work is directly passed to the implementation team. From point of view of static testing, their work has to be evaluated via review. At least as a walkthrough.

That way their poor work quality will be noticable earlier, than relying on the outcome analysis - dynamic testing.

Collapse
bhupesh profile image
Bhupesh Varshney 👾

Just curious who is responsible for reviewing the architects work? Senior most devs in the company?
Say what if the Architect is on contract basis?
🤔

Collapse
cipharius profile image
Valts Liepiņš

It would be the project owner's or coordinator's responsibility to organize a review for the architecture or specification. The process wouldn't differ much, whether an inhouse senior developer designed the architecture or a contracted one did it.

As for the process itself, it could either be a walkthrough or more formally a technical review. The organisator would call together a temporary team of reviewers (they could be anyone with a useful input - developers, software analysts, end user representative etc) and have the reviewers independently check the architecture design for comments or flaws. If any are found, the design is sent back to the author for improvements.

As a developer if you notice consistent poor design documents, best you could do is have a talk with higher ups about possibility of improving the process by intruducing a review phase for design documents.

For more information and reference: astqb.org/resources/

Collapse
sgolovine profile image
Sunny Golovine

At that level it becomes a collaborative effort. Usually you will have an architect, designer, product person and a senior dev or two doing the initial design. Product person defines requirements, architect defines the overarching system (backend, frontend, any middleware, etc), designers will work on the frontend design and those senior devs are working with the architect to make sure the architecture is feasable.

So when you're at that level, it's less about "I report to X", and more of "we need to build a consensus between X, Y and Z stakeholders"

Thread Thread
sandordargo profile image
Sandor Dargo Author

I think it can help if the architect is part of the team developing the product and not part of a different entity that is responsible only for "architecting". If the architect is part-time developing then both the feedback loop is much shorter and he'll have to eat what he cooked, so he'll try to do his job as good as he can.

Collapse
hseritt profile image
Harlin Seritt

Or the people who design the case dashboard that you and your team (who by the way has not been consulted with at all) will be working with 8 hours a day for the next 2-3 years. Fun times. :-D :-D :-D

Collapse
dienand profile image
DieNand

Do you need to have 'skin in the game'?
Companies in my experience don't particularly care about their devs or keeping them so job-hopping is encouraged, and I have experience with being shot in the foot for being motivated enough to see things through and having 'skin in the game'.

Sell your skills to the highest bidder.

Collapse
sandordargo profile image
Sandor Dargo Author

I think that's a fair point. I always discourage people from working too much. One should not do unpaid overtime, but I think we should do our best in those X hours that we are paid for. Partly because of professional pride, partly because I think that if you do your best, you'll grow more and you can get a better next hop.

Collapse
hseritt profile image
Harlin Seritt

There are a ton of rock star developers everywhere. They are on this site, at my job (hell I can be one of them at times -- you should see my Alfresco installer script :-) ) and at other places where you interview. I tend to look at them as the ones who can come up with great things but then when you try to implement them, they never work properly and then you go to them to get help, they either have fallen off the planet or have no idea how to help you in your environment. That's just the way it is. I don't think you'll ever be able to get rid of them entirely :-D PS ... all of us are that guy on certain days :-P

Collapse
greggomatic profile image
Greg Thomas

This is a very good article, especially the pieces on non-coding architects (scary) and non-tech agile coaches.

Years ago, someone told me that you can tell when someone is running a company to sell vs when they are in it to run it. I find this with Dev Managers/Directors who are looking to leave for other opportunities. They will be bringing in lots of changes and opportunities, new processes all at once with the goal to make the team "look" good where in fact the team isn't truly doing all those things. It doesn't make the team look good but temporarily can do so for the manager/director.

It's like bringing in the $5K coffee machine, it's cute for a bit, but a quick fix.

Whereas a committed manager, knows you can't bring in all these changes all at once because it will stifle the team and they are in it for long term growth and development.

Collapse
sandordargo profile image
Sandor Dargo Author

Thanks for your kind words, Greg!

True, and these managers have one more ace in their hands, change the name of the team early on!

Collapse
miguelmj profile image
MiguelMJ

Interesting post, Sandor.

I don't have experience with that kind of environments yet, I have only worked in association with my university and the team, fortunately, is full of committed people.

So I'm curious to know the experience of anyone reading this: when you have to deal with people that don't put their skin in the game, how do you know when it's not worth it compensating that lack of effort? I mean, I guess that the maintenance they don't make is going to need compensation from others in the team that actually need things to go well. What's your experience drawing limits? At what cost?

Thanks for your post!

Collapse
raddevus profile image
raddevus

Another fantastic article. Thanks for the mention. Always enjoy reading your articles.

Collapse
sandordargo profile image
Sandor Dargo Author

Thanks a lot for your kind words! This article would have never been written without your contribution!

Forem Open with the Forem app