DEV Community

Cover image for React Tic Tac Toe
Scott Gordon
Scott Gordon

Posted on

React Tic Tac Toe

GitHub Repo
Tic Tac Toe Game

// index.js
import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import './index.css';

function Square(props) {
  return (
    <button className="square" onClick={props.onClick}>
      {props.value}
    </button>
  );
}


class Board extends React.Component {
  renderSquare(i) {
    return (
      <Square
        value={this.props.squares[i]}
        onClick={() => this.props.onClick(i)}
      />
    );
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <div className="board-row">
          {this.renderSquare(0)}{this.renderSquare(1)}{this.renderSquare(2)}
        </div>
        <div className="board-row">
          {this.renderSquare(3)}{this.renderSquare(4)}{this.renderSquare(5)}
        </div>
        <div className="board-row">
          {this.renderSquare(6)}{this.renderSquare(7)}{this.renderSquare(8)}
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

class Game extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      history: [{
        squares: Array(9).fill(null),
      }],
      stepNumber: 0,
      xIsNext: true,
    };
  }

  handleClick(i) {
    const history = this.state.history.slice(0, this.state.stepNumber + 1);
    const current = history[history.length - 1];
    const squares = current.squares.slice();
    if (calculateWinner(squares) || squares[i]) {
      return;
    }
    squares[i] = this.state.xIsNext ? 'X' : 'O';
    this.setState({
      history: history.concat([{
        squares: squares,
      }]),
      stepNumber: history.length,
      xIsNext: !this.state.xIsNext,
    });
  }

  jumpTo(step) {
    this.setState({
      stepNumber: step,
      xIsNext: (step % 2) === 0,
    });
  }

  render() {
    const history = this.state.history;
    const current = history[this.state.stepNumber];
    const winner = calculateWinner(current.squares);

    const moves = history.map((step, move) => {
      const desc = move ?
        'Go to move #' + move :
        'Go to game start';
      return (
        <li key={move}>
          <button onClick={() => this.jumpTo(move)}>
            {desc}
          </button>
        </li>
      );
    });

    let status;
    if (winner) {
      status = 'Winner: ' + winner;
    } else {
      status = 'Next player: ' + (this.state.xIsNext ? 'X' : 'O');
    }

    return (
      <div className="game">
        <div className="game-board">
          <Board
            squares={current.squares}
            onClick={(i) => this.handleClick(i)}
          />
        </div>
        <div className="game-info">
          <div>{status}</div>
          <ol>{moves}</ol>
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

// ========================================

ReactDOM.render(
  <Game />,
  document.getElementById('root')
);

function calculateWinner(squares) {
  const lines = [
    [0, 1, 2],
    [3, 4, 5],
    [6, 7, 8],
    [0, 3, 6],
    [1, 4, 7],
    [2, 5, 8],
    [0, 4, 8],
    [2, 4, 6],
  ];
  for (let i = 0; i < lines.length; i++) {
    const [a, b, c] = lines[i];
    if (squares[a] && squares[a] === squares[b] && squares[a] === squares[c]) {
      return squares[a]
    }
  }
  return null;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
/* index.css */
body {
    font: 14px "Century Gothic", Futura, sans-serif;
    margin: 20px;
  }

  ol, ul {
    padding-left: 30px;
  }

  .board-row:after {
    clear: both;
    content: "";
    display: table;
  }

  .status {
    margin-bottom: 10px;
  }

  .square {
    background: #fff;
    border: 1px solid #999;
    float: left;
    font-size: 24px;
    font-weight: bold;
    line-height: 34px;
    height: 34px;
    margin-right: -1px;
    margin-top: -1px;
    padding: 0;
    text-align: center;
    width: 34px;
  }

  .square:focus {
    outline: none;
  }

  .kbd-navigation .square:focus {
    background: #ddd;
  }

  .game {
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: row;
  }

  .game-info {
    margin-left: 20px;
  }

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Photo by Matthew Davis on Unsplash

Discussion (0)