DEV Community


Posted on

Optimizing Next.js Performance with Code Splitting and Dynamic Imports

Code splitting is a technique that allows you to split your JavaScript bundle into smaller, more manageable chunks, which can improve the performance of your Next.js application. Here's an example of how to use code splitting in Next.js:

Let's assume you have a Next.js project with the following directory structure:

- pages
  - index.js
  - about.js
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

You can use dynamic imports to split your code into smaller chunks. In this example, we'll split the code for the about page:

// pages/about.js

import { useEffect, useState } from 'react';

// Import the dynamic module using the import() function
const DynamicComponent = dynamic(() => import('../components/DynamicComponent'), {
  loading: () => <p>Loading...</p>, // Optional loading component
  ssr: false, // Set ssr to false to enable client-side rendering

function About() {
  const [showDynamicComponent, setShowDynamicComponent] = useState(false);

  useEffect(() => {
    // When the component mounts, set showDynamicComponent to true
  }, []);

  return (
      <h1>About Page</h1>
      {showDynamicComponent && <DynamicComponent />}

export default About;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, we're using the dynamic function from the next/dynamic module to load the DynamicComponent dynamically. We provide an optional loading component (


) that is displayed while the dynamic component is being loaded.

The ssr: false option specifies that this component should only be rendered on the client side, which is often desired for code-split components.

Now, let's create the DynamicComponent component that will be dynamically loaded:

// components/DynamicComponent.js

function DynamicComponent() {
  return <p>This component was dynamically loaded.</p>;

export default DynamicComponent;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

With this setup, the code for the DynamicComponent will be loaded only when the About page is accessed. This can help reduce the initial bundle size and improve the initial loading time of your application.

Remember to run npm install next/dynamic to install the next/dynamic module before using it in your code.

Top comments (0)