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Rubén Alapont
Rubén Alapont

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Strategic Design with Domain-Driven Design (DDD)

Welcome to the second article in our Domain-Driven Design (DDD) series. In this installment, we'll delve into the strategic aspects of DDD. You'll learn how to align your software development efforts with business goals through strategic design principles. We'll explore key concepts like Bounded Contexts, Ubiquitous Language, and Context Mapping.

Why Strategic Design Matters

Strategic design in DDD focuses on structuring your software projects to reflect the real-world domain they serve. By doing so, you create a software system that not only models the domain accurately but also aligns with the business's strategic objectives.

Here's why strategic design is crucial:

1. Business Alignment

Strategic design ensures that your software solutions directly align with the goals and requirements of the business. This alignment is essential for delivering value and staying competitive.

2. Clear Boundaries

Bounded Contexts, a fundamental concept in strategic DDD, define clear boundaries within which domain models operate. These boundaries reduce ambiguity, promote understanding, and allow for independent development.

3. Shared Language

Creating a Ubiquitous Language—a shared glossary of terms and concepts—facilitates clear communication between technical and non-technical stakeholders. It ensures everyone understands the domain in the same way.

4. Context Mapping

Context Mapping is a technique used to visualize the relationships and interactions between Bounded Contexts. It helps identify integration points, data sharing strategies, and areas of potential conflict.

Bounded Contexts

Bounded Contexts represent distinct areas within your domain. Each context has its own models, rules, and definitions for terms. For example, in an e-commerce system, you might have separate Bounded Contexts for Inventory, Orders, and Payments. This separation allows each area to evolve independently.

Ubiquitous Language

Within each Bounded Context, a shared language is established. This language ensures that developers, domain experts, and stakeholders all use the same terms and concepts consistently. For instance, in the Inventory Bounded Context, "Product" may have a specific meaning related to stock management.

Context Mapping

Context Mapping involves visualizing the relationships between Bounded Contexts. You may discover patterns like Shared Kernel (sharing a part of the domain), Customer/Supplier (one context relies on another), or Anti-Corruption Layer (a translation layer between contexts).

Real-World Example

Imagine you're building a healthcare software system. In this complex domain, you might define separate Bounded Contexts for Patient Records, Billing, and Medical Procedures. Each context will have its own understanding of terms like "Patient" and "Invoice," tailored to its specific needs.

By applying strategic design principles, you create a system that accurately reflects the healthcare domain's intricacies, aligns with business goals, and enables independent development in each area.


Strategic design with DDD is about structuring your software projects to align with your business's strategic goals. Bounded Contexts, Ubiquitous Language, and Context Mapping are essential tools in this process. They ensure clarity, reduce ambiguity, and promote independent development within different parts of your domain.

In the next article, we'll dive into the tactical side of DDD and explore design patterns like Entities, Value Objects, and Aggregates. Stay tuned for more insights into the world of Domain-Driven Design!

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