Anyone who has felt what it is like to be stripped of one of your five senses – sight, taste, touch, hearing and smell – will know how much harder it can be navigating and making sense of the world. People with other accessibility challenges will most likely tell you the same. Certain day-to-day activities may take a little longer to complete – like reading if you’re visually impaired, for example – without tools to help make these tasks more accessible.
Making the world more accessible is a major focus for modern organisations and governments. Our own government annually recognises the importance of levelling the playing field for people of all capabilities and abilities by marking Disability Rights Awareness Month – and one of this year’s sub-themes is focusing on ‘Persons with disabilities as equal players in building inclusive economies’.
Accessibility is a key part of being able to achieve this. It’s increasingly a business imperative, and we are beginning to see some incredible developments around cognitive products and services using AI that show that it is possible to change lives a few lines of code at a time.
As a case in point, research has shown that sight is the sense that humans rely on most, because it forms the cornerstone of human learning, cognition and perception: between 80 and 85 percent of these activities take place through our visual recognition and intelligence system. So it’s not difficult to imagine how challenging it must be in a world without 20/20 vision.
I myself got glasses a few months ago, and combined with a collection of clever tools that I’ve been using, my eyes have been opened to just how critical cognitive services and products are to change and improve everyday life.
This understanding of the essential role of cognitive tools in opening up accessibility has also long served as the driving force for Microsoft’s AI Cognitive Services team to create and develop AI tools and solutions that make a tangible difference. These include apps and tools like Azure Florence, Seeing AI, Azure Image Captioning and Immersive Reader. I have seen, worked with and benefitted from these technologies and have also witnessed how they are helping other people make sense of the world around them.
Azure Florence, which is one of Microsoft’s most recent cognitive projects, focuses on developing the best computer vision technologies and algorithms to detect and translate data from multiple channels, such as vision and language, to help humans more accurately and easily perceive the world around us.
Equipping AI with human capabilities to help make sense of the world
Seeing AI, for example, helps people with vision impairments by converting visual information into an audio narrative. It uses the device’s camera to identify people and objects and then describe them to the person. The app was originally a beta that the company took and has been refined to give qualities and capabilities that are able to even surpass human function.
Likewise with our Azure image captioning bot, which is able to not only analyse images through facial recognition, but also recognise emotions and use human language to describe the picture.
Anyone who works with AI knows that describing an image accurately and as well as people do is the ultimate goal, so to be able to do that and help customers and developers improve accessibility in their own services – as well as assist people who are blind or have low vision at the same time – is a proud moment.
Immersive Reader also assists with a range of accessibility issues by improving readability. It was designed to support students with dyslexia and dysgraphia in the classroom, but can support anyone who wants to make reading on their device easier – it includes features like reading aloud, changing text options such as size and font, identifying parts of speech and syllables, setting line focus – which can also help people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – and translating the text into another language.
Although just a small cross-section of what is being done to improve accessibility, these examples show that accessibility tools are becoming ever more accurate and user-friendly, truly helping people experience and make sense of the world around them and levelling the playing field for people with accessibility challenges.
The time is now for people with accessibility challenges: with more companies making the move to remote and hybrid working models, we are no longer in offices that often act as barriers themselves. We are now, more than ever, part of the digital revolution – and can begin to enjoy a more accessible and inclusive world through the power of AI.