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Why do you need to set limits for container resource usage?

ridaehamdani profile image Ridae HAMDANI ・2 min read

Why do we need to set limits for container resource usage?

Enforcing resource limits is a critical best practice for running containers on a host or shared platforms like Kubernetes, Openshift...

If a container runs without a resource limitation, it may use all the resources available on the host, producing a disaster in production on a shared platform. This lack of deterministic resource usage could be a big problem for other applications on the host or container orchestrators.

Setting resources limits will:

  • prevent applications from consuming more than their expected resources on the host.
  • provide autoscaling controllers critical information needed to add and remove instances of a containerized service based on resource usage.

Setting resources limits for a Docker container is not required by default.
However, every Docker container gets its own Cgroup by default in order to permit you to set resources limits.

Cgroups(Control groups) is a Linux kernel feature for managing and monitoring system resource like CPU, disk I/O, memory and bandwidth usage.
it provides:

  • Resource limiting: a group can be configured not to exceed a specified resource limit.
  • Prioritization: one or more groups may be configured to utilize fewer or more CPUs or disk I/O throughput.
  • Accounting: a group's resource usage is monitored and measured.
  • Control: groups of processes can be frozen or stopped and restarted.

Cgroups partition those resources into groups then assigning tasks to those groups.


Providing a stable product in production is a journey, in this brief article we learned the importance of limiting resources usage, the big challenges are to determine the container requirement resources and to configure containerized application runtimes ( e.g: JDK) to stick to the configured resources limits.


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thepeoplesbourgeois profile image

...... how tho

ridaehamdani profile image