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For Loop | Shell Scripting

rahulmishra05 profile image Rahul Mishra Originally published at programmingport.hashnode.dev ・2 min read

This is a multipart blog article series where I am going to explain the concepts of shell scripting and how to write a shell script in Linux, UNIX or Mac based systems. You can also follow this tutorial blog using windows but for that you have to install a bash from.

In this article we are going to understand for loop in shell scripting.

  1. The syntax for loop. There are many ways to write the for loop.

    • First way

      for <variable_name> in 1 2 3 4 5 . . N
      do
          command1
          command2
          command3
      done
      
- Second way
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    ```shell
    for <variable_name> in file1 file2 file3
    do
        command1 on $<variable_name>
        command2
        commandN
    done
    ```
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- Third way
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    ```shell
    for <variable_name> in $(Linux-Or-Unix_Command_Here)
    do
        command1 on $<variable_name>
        command2 on $<variable_name>
        commandN
    done
    ```
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- Forth way
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    ```shell
    for (( EXP1; EXP2; EXP3 ))
    do
        command1
        command2
        command3
    done
    ```
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  1. We can give the range to iterate like this {1..10}. Here the range is from 1 to 10
  2. If we want to specify increment than we can do that in this way {1..10..2}. Here the range is from 1 to 10 and increment will be of 2
  3. You can use the above methods only if your bash version is above 4.0. You can check you bash version by this command echo ${BASH_VERSION}

Reference code file for this article

So this was a brief introduction of for loop. Hope you liked it and learned something new form it.

If you have any doubt, question, quires related to this topic or just want to share something with me, than please feel free to contact me.

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