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Papan Sarkar
Papan Sarkar

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Dynamic Serializers in Django

Dynamic serializers are extremely useful to make flexible APIs.

Why do we need dynamic serializers

Flexibility: It provides flexibility. We often run into issues, where we need a serializer but not all the fields from that serializer. In that case dynamic serializers are especially useful to use subsets of data.

Code Reusability: No need to write multiple serializers anymore, a single dynamic serializer can achieve various needs.

Performance: If we only pick the fields we need, it will immensely improve the overall performance.

While it has good advantages, it comes with few complexities as well. It can make debugging a little difficult and we can come across with errors if we do not follow good practices and test all kind of edge cases.


class DynamicSerializer(ModelSerializer): 

    A ModelSerializer that takes an additional 'fields' 
    argument that controls which fields should be displayed. 

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): 

        fields = kwargs.pop('fields', None) 

        # Instantiate the superclass normally 

        super(DynamicFieldsModelSerializer, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs) 

        if fields is not None: 

            # Drop any fields that are not specified in the `fields` argument. 

            allowed = set(fields) 
            existing = set(self.fields.keys()) 
            for field_name in existing - allowed: 

# Example usage in a view 
class UserSerializer(DynamicFieldsModelSerializer): 
    class Meta: 
        model = User 
        fields = '__all__' `

# In your view 
serializer = UserSerializer(user, fields=('id', 'username', 'email')) 

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Dynamic serializer is powerful tool in Django, especially for large and complex projects.

Proper implementation and thorough testing are important to achieve good and optimised results.

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