In my previous article on Git branching, I explained what Git branching is all about, how to create a branch, and also how to push your codes to a new branch but there are still some few git commands I was unable to make use of, so I decided to explain some of them in this new article.
In this article, I will explain how to check for differences between two branches via git, how to delete a branch, and finally explain the
reset git command.
Actually, this can easily be done on Github as I explained in the previous article when I wrote a little about Pull request(PR) but my emphasis here is how it can be done via git so you can get familiar with the git command used and also compare before pushing your changes to Github.
- git diff
When working with Git, it is quite common to use different branches in order to have your work clearly separated from the main codebase.
When working on those branches, you might want to merge branches in order to have the resulting work in your main branch.
Before thinking of merging, the first thing you will like to do is to compare the differences between the two branches since this is very beneficial in order to avoid merging conflicts.
To compare two branches we make use of
git diff command.
$ git diff <comparison-branch-name>
This will show you all the commits the
comparison-branch has that are not in the
Let's assume I have a project with two branches. The first thing will be to switch to the new branch which I have explained in the previous post.
Once you have switched to this new branch you can go ahead to make changes to your code, save, and now lets check for the differences before pushing to Github.
In my own case, according to the picture above, I have two branches:
new-branch. After making changes to
new-branch, I can now check for the differences (i.e what
new-branch has that are not in
As you can see, two lines of code have been added to the
Git is using a color code in order to display differences done between two branches: lines in green are lines added to the files and lines in red are the ones that are deleted from the files.
That's all about comparing two branches using the
git diff command. After checking for differences you can now go ahead to either push and create a pull request.
The next thing I will be explaining briefly is how to delete a branch.
- git branch -d
This command is used to delete a specified branch from your local repository.
$ git branch -d <branch-name>
The first thing you have to do is make sure you are not on that branch by changing your branch using
git checkout <name> then you can now delete the branch.
You can confirm if the branch has been deleted by using the
git branch command to check for the available branch.
- git reset
This command is used to unstage or reset changes made while trying to push your changes to Github. Suppose you already staged an
index.html file using the
git add index.html command, you can easily unstage by using
git reset index.html
To reset all files staged:
$ git reset
To reset a specific file:
$ git reset index.html
As always, any questions or suggestions, please feel free to leave a response or tweet me 🤭! Be sure to connect with me on socials! 😎