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Django ajax request with axios and vanilla javascript (Tutorial)

Nikhil Chandra Roy
Front-End Web Developer with JavaScript, ReactJs and Backend Python(Django)
・2 min read

Hi there Nomosker,
Hope everyone well.
In this short tutorial, I will explain a bit about Django ajax with Axios.
I have seen most of the tutorials used with jquery but in some cases, we are not using jquery so instantly we can use Axios to make it easy to understand.

Let's do step by step.

1st app/urls.py

path('developer', views.Developer, name="developer")

2nd app/models.py

class DeveloperList(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=25)
    email = models.EmailField(max_length=25)
    country = models.CharField(max_length=25)
    def __str__(self):
        return self.name
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3rd app/views.py

def Developer(request):
    developer_list = DeveloperList.objects.all()
    json_data = {}
    if request.method == 'POST':
        # get the input field name
        name = request.POST.get('name')
        email = request.POST.get('email')
        country = request.POST.get('country')

        # set in json 
        json_data['name'] = name
        json_data['email'] = email
        json_data['country'] = country

        # create the model to store in db
        DeveloperList.objects.create(
            name = name,
            email = email,
            country = country
        )
        #return the json
        return JsonResponse(json_data)

    return render(request, 'developer.html', {"developer_list": developer_list})
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4th app/templates

create templates folder and put developer.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Ajax learning with axios</title>

</head>

<body>


    <form method="post" onsubmit="return formSubmit()">
        {% csrf_token %}
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="" class="form-label">Name</label>
            <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control">
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="" class="form-label">Email</label>
            <input type="eamil" name="email" class="form-control">
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="" class="form-label">Country</label>
            <input type="text" name="country" class="form-control">
        </div>

        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
    </form>

    {% if developer_list %}
    <table>
        <thead>
            <tr>
                <th> Name </th>
                <th> Email </th>
                <th> Country </th>
            </tr>
        <tbody id="developer_list">
            {% for developer in developer_list %}
            <tr>
                <td> {{developer.name}} </td>
                <td> {{developer.email}} </td>
                <td> {{developer.country}} </td>
            </tr>
            {% endfor %}
        </tbody>
        </thead>
    </table>
    {% endif %}


    <script src='https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/axios/0.9.1/axios.js'></script>


    <script>

        function formSubmit() {
            event.preventDefault()
            axiosSetup()
        }

        function axiosSetup() {
            // for geting the input value to pass at server for collecting there value and save in db
            let data = new FormData()
            data.append('name', document.querySelector('input[name="name"]').value)
            data.append('email', document.querySelector('input[name="email"]').value)
            data.append('country', document.querySelector('input[name="country"]').value)
            data.append('csrfmiddlewaretoken', '{{csrf_token}}') // setup csrf_token as a post request

            // ....axios post request
            let url = '{% url "developer" %}' // self request so we call developer

            axios.post(url, data)
                .then(res => { 
                    document.getElementById('developer_list').innerHTML += `
                    <tr>
                        <td> ${res.data.name} </td>
                        <td> ${res.data.email} </td>
                        <td> ${res.data.country} </td>
                    </tr>
                    `
                })
                .catch(e => console.log(e))
        }



    </script>
</body>

</html>
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5th go to terminal
run below the command one by one

python manage.py makemigrations
python manage.py migrate
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everything is ready so now, we can run our project.

6th run project
go to terminal again by ctrl+

python manage.py runserver
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If you like this short Django tutorial don't forget to like, comment, share.
Thanks all.

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