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Nadim Chowdhury
Nadim Chowdhury

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What is (LVM) Logical Volume Manager?

The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) is a technology used in Unix-like operating systems, including Linux, to manage disk drives and storage volumes in a more flexible and dynamic manner. It provides a layer of abstraction between physical storage devices (such as hard drives, SSDs, or RAID arrays) and the operating system's file systems.

Here are some key aspects of Logical Volume Manager (LVM):

  1. Logical Volumes: LVM allows you to create logical volumes, which are virtual partitions that can span across one or more physical storage devices. These logical volumes behave like regular disk partitions but offer more flexibility in terms of size management and resizing.

  2. Volume Groups: LVM organizes physical volumes into volume groups. A volume group is a pool of storage made up of one or more physical volumes. Logical volumes are created within volume groups.

  3. Physical Volumes: Physical volumes are actual storage devices, such as hard drives or SSDs, that are initialized for use with LVM. These physical volumes can be combined into volume groups.

  4. Striping and Mirroring: LVM supports data striping (RAID 0) and mirroring (RAID 1) across multiple physical volumes for improved performance and data redundancy.

  5. Dynamic Resizing: One of the key features of LVM is its ability to dynamically resize logical volumes and volume groups while the file systems they contain are mounted and in use. This allows for more flexible management of storage space without the need to unmount file systems or perform complex partition resizing operations.

  6. Snapshots: LVM supports creating snapshots, which are read-only copies of a logical volume at a particular point in time. Snapshots can be useful for data backup, testing, or system rollback purposes.

Overall, LVM provides administrators with greater flexibility and control over storage management, making it easier to manage large-scale storage configurations, handle storage growth, and improve system reliability and performance.

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