Building a Desktop App with Vue: NW.js

Natalia Tepluhina on January 14, 2019

Previously I've written two articles about building desktop applications with Vue framework: one for Vuido library and one for Electron. I've had s... [Read Full]
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Thanks for covering NW.js, Natalia!

I got your "233 MB" app down to a 20 MB Windows installer (61.5 MB once installed). Available here:

If your goal is to have the same functionality as Electron, but at a considerably smaller filesize. NW.js offers that option.

It also offers the ability to have much more functionality and features, including access to the latest versions of Node and Chromium within 24 hours of a new release of either. Of course if you want the latest and greatest, it will be a big file size. That's the trade-off.

I just finished writing an article on how to reduce the filesize for an NW.js app, if anyone would like the secrets of turning a 233 MB app into a 20MB app.

 

Could you describe given process to optimize NW.js package step by step?

Given article tells us about other case with 59.8Mb installer result. But you're speaking about 20Mb.

 

I didn't do anything that isn't mentioned in the article. I just took it to the extreme in every scenario.

  1. The existing package.json had 4 items listed as dependencies that should have been devDependencies, so that alone shaves off like 20 MB.
  2. Built the Vue app using the Vue CLI's built in webpack commands (bundling/tree-shaking). So I'm only using the static files from the dist folder and not shipping all the source files with it. They're also minified/uglifed, but this makes very little difference.
  3. Because this app is so simple and doesn't even access Node or the OS at all. I used the older version of NW.js (0.12.3). I wouldn't normally use that version, but if filesize was my highest concern (like in this case), then I might.
  4. I removed any NW.js files that aren't needed for the app to run (this can be risky, but this is a very simple app, so I'm not worried). This takes the app down from around like 85 MB to 61.5 MB.
  5. I used WinRAR's SFX (self-extracting executable) options to create an installer. Since I'm using WinRAR to make the installer, I can take advantage of its superior compression ratio, which is what gets the 61.5 MB down to 20 MB.

In a more real world scenario the installer would be closer to 60 MB, and the installed version would be closer to 110MB. Ultimately, there is only so much you can do while shipping a copy of Node and an entire browser to your user. If filesize really is your greatest concern, then browser-based desktop apps aren't the way to go. I've compiled a list of alternative tools with pros/cons at XPDA.net

You could get it even smaller, probably well under 10mb with neutralino.js.org/

:)

Neutralino is a neat little tool. It would certainly work in this simple app example. It has a lot of drawbacks though and you'd be better off with something more fleshed out. Even if your primary concern is filesize, there are plenty of other tools that produce very small packages with a better feature set. You can check out the cons of Neutralino, and some other alternatives here: xpda.net/#NeutralinoJs

 
 

Have you heard that Internet Explorer is going to migrate to Chrome engine?

I wish there could be such a framework which will give us all the opportunities of Electron and NW.js but will bring it with much smaller package size. Maybe using Chrome instance of an operating system.

 

Yes, I've heard about it! Still waiting for this migration.

Well, I believe JS desktop apps will have further evolution and package size reduction as well as memory usage are #1 priority. So I hope we will see this kind of framework :)

 
 

Carlo and Lorca are attempts at this. You can read their pros/cons on XPDA.net

 
 

I'm writing up a detailed article on how to reduce the size of your NW.js app. Will post it shortly.

 
 

That might not help, you have to use packager module and see. That's how all editors are packaged

 
 

Possibly a stupid question: if you wanted to store some data in the app (some database, but obviously not something like firebase, because the app shouldn't be dependable of the internet connection, right?) how would you resolve such a thing? Thanks

 

There are no stupid questions ;)

You can use the database of your choice with Node.js driver, my personal choice in this case is SQLite. There is a good tutorial on how to setup SQLite with Node: stackabuse.com/a-sqlite-tutorial-w...

 
 

This is an amazing step on how to do it. I want to start to do it right now. But very little time for everything. I would like to add a new project as soon as possible and put it on the website awards platform for compare.

 

Thank you for the comment! I am really happy you liked an article

 

Nice to see a different way to build native like desktop app.
But I have a question: are IE and Mozilla prefixes needed even using a Chrome browser ?

 

Nope! You can set the .browserlistrc file to only support the exact version of Chromium you are using with NW.js.

 

No, I think for Chrome only you can remove them. I will remove ones from the article code snippet, thanks for spotting this! The code was from gradient generator ;)

 

Compiled app works only when npm run serve running. How to fix that?

 

You will need to take following steps:

1) add vue.config.js file with the following content:

module.exports = {
  publicPath: '.',
};

(if you use vue-cli below 3.3.0, replace publicPath with baseUrl)

2) build the project with yarn build;
3) change main in package.json to

"main": "index.html"

4) copy package.json to dist
5) run ./node_modules/.bin/build --tasks mac-x64 dist (assuming you're on OSX)

You will have your app in dist/dist folder

 
 

Of course! NW.js is framework-agnostic, as well as Electron, so you can use them with React.

 

Natalia, thank you very much!

You're always give an inspiration for further work with your articles.

 

Thank you Dmitriy! This kind of feedback definitely inspires me to continue with writing 🤗

 

i guess the fallback isn't needed /* IE6-9 fallback on horizontal gradient */

 
 
 

Do you know how to use .bin (by nwjc.exe) in a nwjs vue app?
Thank you.

 

./node_modules/.bin/run . is error -4058
i use windows7 64bit..
what can i do???

 

thanks so good explain .
hi im use window7 64bit
i have error
what can i do???
i added error picture

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