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Mohamad Albaker Kawtharani
Mohamad Albaker Kawtharani

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OpenAI Whisper Deployment on AWS as Asynchronous Endpoint

This project facilitates the deployment of the OpenAI Whisper ASR model on SageMaker, and handling of inference results using SageMaker, S3, SNS, DynamoDB, and Lambda.


The cdk script sets up an infrastructure in AWS to automatically deploy a Whisper ASR model using Amazon SageMaker asynchronous endpoint. It also sets up resources to store, manage and process model inference results.


  1. S3 Bucket: An S3 bucket is created to store the model and inference results. The bucket is automatically deleted when the stack is deleted.
  2. IAM Role: An IAM Role is set up with appropriate permissions for SageMaker to access the S3 bucket, CloudWatch Logs, and to pull images from the ECR repository.
  3. SageMaker Model: The script defines a SageMaker model, including a container definition property and sets up an endpoint configuration for asynchronous inference.
  4. SNS Topics: Two SNS topics are created for success and error notifications.
  5. DynamoDB Table: A DynamoDB table is created to store job results.
  6. Lambda Function: A Lambda function is created to process job results and store them in the DynamoDB table. The function uses the SNS topics as event sources.


At the end, the script provides output which includes the names of the created S3 bucket and the deployed SageMaker endpoint.


When a job result is produced by the SageMaker model, it is sent to the appropriate SNS topic depending on whether the job was successful or not.
The SNS topic triggers the Lambda function, which processes the result and stores it in the DynamoDB table.
The following diagram shows the architecture and workflow of the solution.

Asynchronous inference

Amazon SageMaker Asynchronous Inference is a new capability in SageMaker that queues incoming requests and processes them asynchronously.
This option is ideal for requests with large payload sizes (up to 1GB), long processing times (up to one hour), and near real-time latency requirements.
Asynchronous Inference enables you to save on costs by autoscaling the instance count to zero when there are no requests to process, so you only pay when your endpoint is processing requests.

How it works

Creating an asynchronous inference endpoint is similar to creating real-time inference endpoints. You can use your existing SageMaker models and only need to specify the AsyncInferenceConfig object while creating your endpoint configuration with the EndpointConfig field in the CreateEndpointConfig API. The following diagram shows the architecture and workflow of Asynchronous Inference.
To invoke the endpoint, you need to place the request payload in Amazon S3 and provide a pointer to this payload as a part of the InvokeEndpointAsync request.
Upon invocation, SageMaker queues the request for processing and returns an identifier and output location as a response.
Upon processing, SageMaker places the result in the Amazon S3 location. We receive success or error notifications with Amazon SNS.

Additional Material

The ECR Image for the Whisper Model

It is Flask-based Python server that uses the OpenAI Whisper ASR system to transcribe audio files. This server listens for HTTP POST requests containing information about an audio file, downloads the file from an Amazon S3 bucket, transcribes it, and then uploads the transcription back to the S3 bucket.
For more info please check app> and app>Dockerfile

Script to invoke the endpoint

The script invokes an Amazon SageMaker endpoint for asynchronous inference. The asynchronous inference is performed on the input audio file that resides in an Amazon S3 bucket, and the transcription is returned.
Before running the script, you need to have AWS CLI set up on your local machine or server and your AWS credentials (AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, and optionally AWS_SESSION_TOKEN) properly configured.
for more info please check whisper-invoke>

Github Repo

Top comments (2)

dragonfly777 profile image

the model is giving 500 error

mohalbakerkaw profile image
Mohamad Albaker Kawtharani

can you share more details, you can check cloudwatch for more logs