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Karen Payne
Karen Payne

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Razor Pages CSS Isolation

Learn how to prevent dependencies on global styles and helps to avoid styling conflicts among components and libraries of styles in an application where most styles reside under wwwroot\css\site.css by using CSS isolation scopes CSS to Razor components, which can simplify CSS and avoid collisions with other components or libraries.


There are three pages, Index, About and Articles\Index were each page will have the same content but by using CSS Isolation each page styles will be independent of the other pages.


This is where we define global styles for a Razor pages web application. There is one style for H6 which is overridden in each of the pages mentioned above.

Razor runtime compilation

⚠️ Css isolation may not working with Razor runtime compilation

Change environments

Several times isolation failed when changing from development to staging environment and worked once back in development. When not working in staging the isolation style sheet file mirrored the page, no CSS.

What appears to be the fix is adding the following to Program.cs

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Steps to setup CSS Isolation on a Razor Page

We will begin with the main page Index at the root of the project.

  1. Right click on Pages folder
  2. Add a new item, select text file
  3. Save the text file as Index.cshtml.css which will nest the new file under Index.cshtml as shown below.
  4. Add styles into Index.cshtml.css
  5. Open Index.cshtml and add <link rel="stylesheet" href="~/@(nameof(IsolationWebApp)).styles.css" />. Replace IsolationWebApp with the namespace of your project (easy to get from Program.cs)
  6. In Index.cshtml add one or more elements that use the styles in Index.cshtml.css
  7. Run the application

figure 1

Next repeat the above steps for other pages, in the project presented About and Articles\Index have the exact sample styles as Index but have enough changes to styles so that when running the app the person running the app can see that the styles are isolated to their respective page.

Under the covers

While running the project, open the browser web tools, travese to, in this case IsolationWebApp.styles.css and note there are sections for each page and note the [b...] identifiers which are injected into the respective page.

figure 2

figure 3


In after change a style, running the project the changes are not reflected open the browser's development tools then back in the browser empty the cache and perform a hard reload.

empty cache

When adding a link for the style sheet do not use

<link rel="stylesheet" href="~/IsolationWebApp.styles.css" />
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<link rel="stylesheet" href="~/@(nameof(IsolationWebApp)).styles.css" />
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This is because in the first example if the namespace changes the style sheet will not be located while in the second example it will be as when renaming the namespace in Visual Studio it will be in nameof(IsolationWebApp) when using nameof.

See also

Source code

See the following GitHub repository.


Visual Studio makes it easy to prevent dependencies on global styles and helps to avoid styling conflicts between other pages and components by following the instructions provided.

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