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NPM or Node Package Manager capabilities

NPM, or Node Package Manager, is a package manager for the JavaScript programming language. It is primarily used for managing dependencies in Node.js projects, but it can also be used for managing front-end dependencies and building web applications.

Here are some of the key capabilities of NPM:

**Dependency Management: **NPM allows developers to define and manage project dependencies in a package.json file. Dependencies can be specified with version constraints, allowing for precise control over which versions of packages are used in a project.

Package Installation: NPM provides commands (npm install) for installing packages and their dependencies from the npm registry or from a local directory. It automatically resolves dependencies and installs the necessary packages in the node_modules directory.

Package Publishing: Developers can publish their own packages to the npm registry, making them available for others to install and use. This enables code sharing and collaboration within the JavaScript community.

Script Execution: NPM allows developers to define custom scripts in the package.json file and execute them using the npm run command. This is commonly used for tasks such as running tests, building the project, or starting the development server.

Version Management: NPM provides commands for managing package versions, including updating packages (npm update), uninstalling packages (npm uninstall), and checking for outdated packages (npm outdated).

Scoped Packages: NPM supports scoped packages, which allow developers to namespace their packages under a specific scope (e.g., @organization/package). Scoped packages help prevent naming conflicts and provide a way to group related packages together.

Package Locking: NPM generates a package-lock.json file to lock down the exact versions of dependencies installed in a project. This ensures that subsequent installations of dependencies use the same versions, improving consistency across different development environments.

Audit and Security: NPM provides tools for auditing dependencies (npm audit) to identify and fix security vulnerabilities in project dependencies. It also supports the use of security advisories to notify developers of known vulnerabilities in packages.

Overall, NPM is a powerful tool for JavaScript developers, providing a convenient way to manage project dependencies, share code, and automate common development tasks. It has become an essential part of the JavaScript ecosystem and is widely used in both Node.js and front-end development projects.

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