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How to setup Prettier, ESLint, Husky and Lint-Staged with a NextJS and Typescript Project

Working in a team can sometimes be challenging, we try to make our codebase look like it has been coded by one person. We can do this by adhering to a code style/format that everyone should follow.

However, it would be tiresome and impractical to do it manually and it would be easy to bypass and forget following these standards. Therefore, it's in our best interest to automate it using tools.

Setting up project tools can sometimes be a pain. I've been in this situation, existing materials is either out of date, has conflicting versions or simply just doesn't work on my end. And for that reason, I would like to share my own setup which I use for almost all of the projects I do.

Disclaimer. Do keep in mind that these versions are working properly at the time of writing. You can update these packages but make sure to account for these changes and fix conflicting errors.

1. Now, to start with our project. Let's install a fresh NextJS & Typescript project.

npx create-next-app --typescript new-app --use-npm
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I added the flag --use-npm to ensure that my project is generated using npm instead of yarn.

2. We would now be installing Prettier and EsLint.

npm install prettier@2.5.1 eslint@8.9.0 -D 
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3. Install additional configs and plugins in order to extend the functionality of our linter. These the are multiple configs and plugins that I use for every project. ( you can add or exclude anything that you don't want from this setup ). Here is a list of things you can add.

To install these packages:

npm install @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin@5.12.1 eslint-config-airbnb@18.2.1 eslint-config-prettier@8.4.0 eslint-plugin-jsx-a11y@6.5.1 eslint-plugin-prettier@4.0.0 eslint-plugin-react@7.27.0 eslint-plugin-react-hooks@4.3.0 eslint-plugin-security@1.4.0 eslint-plugin-simple-import-sort@7.0.0 eslint-plugin-sonarjs@0.12.0 -D
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4. After installing, we should not start setting up our .eslintrc.js and .prettierrc.js files. Let's first setup our .eslintrc.js file. Currently our project scaffolding has a .eslintrc.json there is nothing wrong with using this as a default and writing the configs in JSON format but I prefer writing my configs in Javascript that's why we need to rename it.

module.exports = {
  root: true,
  parserOptions: {
    ecmaVersion: 2020,
    sourceType: "module",
    ecmaFeatures: {
      jsx: true,

  env: {
    browser: true,
    node: true,
    es6: true,

  settings: {
    react: {
      version: "detect",
    "import/resolver": {
      node: {
        extensions: [".ts", ".tsx"],

  plugins: ["@typescript-eslint"],
  extends: [

  rules: {
    "@typescript-eslint/no-unused-vars": "error",
    "@typescript-eslint/no-explicit-any": "error",
    "react/react-in-jsx-scope": "off",
    "react/jsx-filename-extension": [
        extensions: [".ts", ".tsx", ".js", ".jsx"],
    "react/jsx-props-no-spreading": "off",
    "import/extensions": [
        js: "never",
        jsx: "never",
        ts: "never",
        tsx: "never",
    "jsx-a11y/anchor-is-valid": [
        components: ["Link"],
        specialLink: ["hrefLeft", "hrefRight"],
        aspects: ["invalidHref", "preferButton"],
    "no-nested-ternary": "off",
    "import/prefer-default-export": "off",
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We need to export these configs inside an object. The first we need to setup is the parserOptions. we specify in ecmaVersion that we want our linter to support ES2020. sourceType indicates that we would be parsing files in Javascript Modules. and ecmaFeatures additional support that we would like to have, in our case we want to have jsx support.

The env defines which environments we will be supporting.

settings are just additional settings for our linter. import/resolvers sets the resolver for finding where the export is in import x in "module".

plugins provides additional rule definitions like for the previous configs that we added.

extends extends configuration of our base file based on the eslint plugins we added.

difference between plugins and extends is further discussed here.

finally, rules which specifies how your linter should treat every little detail you want to be checked. For me, these are the rules I want my linter to check or ignore. Here are the list of rules you can add.

5. We now setup our .prettierrc.js. By default, this is not included in the scaffolding of our project. Setting up our prettier configs are pretty much similar with how we setup eslint configs.

module.exports = {
    tabWidth: 4,
    printWidth: 80,
    endOfLine: "auto",
    arrowParens: "avoid",
    trailingComma: "es5",
    semi: true,
    useTabs: false,
    singleQuote: false,
    bracketSpacing: true,
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Here is the prettier options I use for all of my projects. You can see that I prefer trailing commas and I don't like using single quotes. You can add more options and modify these according to the what your team agreed on. You can find the list of options here.

At this point everything should be working properly. But, there are instances that it doesn't. The first step I do to ensure that It's working properly is to restart my Code Editor. This usually solves the problem.

If you use eslint-plugin-jsx-a11y you might come up with an error:

Error: Plugin "jsx-a11y" was conflicted between ".eslintrc.json » eslint-config-next/core-web-vitals » /node_modules/eslint-config-next/index.js" and ".eslintrc.json » ../../.eslintrc.json » eslint-config-airbnb » /node_modules/eslint-config-airbnb/rules/react-a11y.js".
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You can resolve this issue by ensuring that you've installed eslint-plugin-jsx-a11y@^6.5.1 and
eslint-plugin-react@^7.27.0 in your project and running npm dedupe this is what dedupe means.

Now, we've pretty much setup our ESLint and Prettier. Our work here is pretty much done. However, it would also be nice to catch these errors and fix code formatting on every git commit we make to ensure that we won't be pushing bad code accidentally and for that we would use Husky to create some git hooks.

6. Install and add the command we want to perform on every commit we perform.

npm install husky -D
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And to initialize the our pre-commit hooks run:

npx  husky install
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npx husky add .husky/pre-commit "npx tsc --noEmit && npx eslint --fix . && npx prettier --write ."
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this command ensures that there are no typescript errors with tsc. running eslint to ensure no linting error and formatting our code with prettier by runnint prettier --write ..

If you try to add and commit your changes right now you'll notice that the checking pauses and takes a bit of time to do that. This happens because it checks all the files even for those that didn't even change. This is a not optimal for us so we also want to use lint-staged package to only check those files that changed or those that we addded to the stage to later on commit.

7. Install lint-staged

npm install lint-staged -D 
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8. Now we're going to create a lint-staged.config.js file. add these rules:

module.exports = {
  // this will check Typescript files
  '**/*.(ts|tsx)': () => 'yarn tsc --noEmit',

  // This will lint and format TypeScript and                                             //JavaScript files
  '**/*.(ts|tsx|js)': (filenames) => [
    `yarn eslint --fix ${filenames.join(' ')}`,
    `yarn prettier --write ${filenames.join(' ')}`,

  // this will Format MarkDown and JSON
  '**/*.(md|json)': (filenames) =>
    `yarn prettier --write ${filenames.join(' ')}`,
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9. go to the file under the .husky folder and open pre-commit and then replace the last line with .

npx lint-staged
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And we're pretty much done with the setup. Congratulations! 🚀


These tools are used in order to enhance the consistency of our codebase they help us enforce the rules and standards that we ought to follow. However, there are limitations to these tools and that we all must be aware of it. We must still code in a manner that would ideally need less of these tools. After all, we progress forwards and not back.

Top comments (1)

angelalexqc profile image
Ángel Quiroz

Thanks, is worked perfectly for me!