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PayPal Integration Using NextJS and Prisma

Ian de Jesus
Updated on ・4 min read

Github Repository

Project Demo

This tutorial explains how to use NextJS as the backend to create and capture PayPal orders and store the order data in SQLite using Prisma.

  1. When the user clicks the PayPal button, we make a post request to /paypal/createOrder to create a new Paypal Order. The OrderID and a status of PENDING is stored in SQLite through Prisma
  2. After the user pays for the order, we make a post request to paypal\captureOrder to capture the payment and then update the status to PAID.

Initial Setup

pnpx create-next-app --typescript
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Install all required libraries

pnpm i @paypal/checkout-server-sdk prisma @prisma/client prisma @paypal/react-paypal-js axios react-query
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Add baseUrl: "./" in tsconfig.json to make imports easy to read.

Setup Prisma

Create a prisma/schema.prisma

generator client {
        provider = "prisma-client-js"
}

datasource db {
        provider = "sqlite"
        url      = "file:./dev.db"
}


model Payment {
        id      Int    @id @default(autoincrement())
        orderID String
        status  String
}
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To keep it simple we will only be storing the PayPal OrderID and its status

Lets migrate and generate our Prisma client

pnpm prisma migrate dev
pnpm prisma generate
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Create lib/prisma.ts

import {PrismaClient} from '@prisma/client'

// Prevent multiple instances of Prisma Client in development
declare const global: typeof globalThis & {prisma?: PrismaClient}

const prisma = global.prisma || new PrismaClient()
if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development') global.prisma = prisma

export default prisma

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Setup Paypal

Create an .env file and add your PayPal Client and Secret

NEXT_PUBLIC_PAYPAL_CLIENT_ID=
PAYPAL_CLIENT_SECRET=
PAYPAL_CLIENT_ID=
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Create lib/paypal.ts

import checkoutNodeJssdk from '@paypal/checkout-server-sdk'

const configureEnvironment = function () {
  const clientId = process.env.PAYPAL_CLIENT_ID
  const clientSecret = process.env.PAYPAL_CLIENT_SECRET

  return process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production'
    ? new checkoutNodeJssdk.core.LiveEnvironment(clientId, clientSecret)
    : new checkoutNodeJssdk.core.SandboxEnvironment(clientId, clientSecret)
}

const client = function () {
  return new checkoutNodeJssdk.core.PayPalHttpClient(configureEnvironment())
}

export default client
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We will use the client to create and capture orders.

Let us now create our 2 API endpoints.

Create /api/paypal/createOrder.ts

import prisma from 'lib/prisma'
import type { NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse } from 'next'
import client from 'lib/paypal'
import paypal from '@paypal/checkout-server-sdk'

export default async function handle(
  req: NextApiRequest,
  res: NextApiResponse,
) {
  const PaypalClient = client()
  //This code is lifted from https://github.com/paypal/Checkout-NodeJS-SDK
  const request = new paypal.orders.OrdersCreateRequest()
  request.headers['prefer'] = 'return=representation'
  request.requestBody({
    intent: 'CAPTURE',
    purchase_units: [
      {
        amount: {
          currency_code: 'PHP',
          value: '100.00',
        },
      },
    ],
  })
  const response = await PaypalClient.execute(request)
  if (response.statusCode !== 201) {
    res.status(500)
  }

  //Once order is created store the data using Prisma
  await prisma.payment.create({
    data: {
      orderID: response.result.id,
      status: 'PENDING',
    },
  })
  res.json({ orderID: response.result.id })
}
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Create api/paypal/captureOrder.ts

import type { NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse } from 'next'
import client from 'lib/paypal'
import paypal from '@paypal/checkout-server-sdk'
import prisma from 'lib/prisma'

export default async function handle(
  req: NextApiRequest,
  res: NextApiResponse,
) {
  //Capture order to complete payment
  const { orderID } = req.body
  const PaypalClient = client()
  const request = new paypal.orders.OrdersCaptureRequest(orderID)
  request.requestBody({})
  const response = await PaypalClient.execute(request)
  if (!response) {
    res.status(500)
  }

  // Update payment to PAID status once completed
  await prisma.payment.updateMany({
    where: {
      orderID,
    },
    data: {
      status: 'PAID',
    },
  })
  res.json({ ...response.result })
}
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Setup FrontEnd

Update _app.tsx

import '../styles/globals.css'
import type {AppProps} from 'next/app'
import {QueryClient, QueryClientProvider} from 'react-query'

const queryClient = new QueryClient()

function MyApp({Component, pageProps}: AppProps) {
  return (
    <QueryClientProvider client={queryClient}>
      <Component {...pageProps} />
    </QueryClientProvider>
  )
}
export default MyApp

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We use react-query for ease of making async calls

In index.tsx

import axios, { AxiosError } from 'axios'
import Head from 'next/head'
import Image from 'next/image'
import { useMutation } from 'react-query'
import styles from '../styles/Home.module.css'
import {
  PayPalScriptProvider,
  PayPalButtons,
  FUNDING,
} from '@paypal/react-paypal-js'

export default function Home() {
  const createMutation = useMutation<{ data: any }, AxiosError, any, Response>(
    (): any => axios.post('/api/paypal/createOrder'),
  )
  const captureMutation = useMutation<string, AxiosError, any, Response>(
    (data): any => axios.post('/api/paypal/captureOrder', data),
  )
  const createPayPalOrder = async (): Promise<string> => {
    const response = await createMutation.mutateAsync({})
    return response.data.orderID
  }

  const onApprove = async (data: OnApproveData): Promise<void> => {
    return captureMutation.mutate({ orderID: data.orderID })
  }
  return (
    <div className={styles.container}>
      <Head>
        <title>Create Next App</title>
        <meta name="description" content="Generated by create next app" />
        <link rel="icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
      </Head>
      <main className={styles.main}>
        {captureMutation.data && (
          <div>{JSON.stringify(captureMutation.data)}</div>
        )}
        <PayPalScriptProvider
          options={{
            'client-id': process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_PAYPAL_CLIENT_ID as string,
            currency: 'PHP',
          }}
        >
          <PayPalButtons
            style={{
              color: 'gold',
              shape: 'rect',
              label: 'pay',
              height: 50,
            }}
            fundingSource={FUNDING.PAYPAL}
            createOrder={createPayPalOrder}
            onApprove={onApprove}
          />
        </PayPalScriptProvider>
      </main>

      <footer className={styles.footer}>
        <a
          href="https://vercel.com?utm_source=create-next-app&utm_medium=default-template&utm_campaign=create-next-app"
          target="_blank"
          rel="noopener noreferrer"
        >
          Powered by{' '}
          <span className={styles.logo}>
            <Image src="/vercel.svg" alt="Vercel Logo" width={72} height={16} />
          </span>
        </a>
      </footer>
    </div>
  )
}

declare global {
  interface Window {
    paypal: any
  }
}

interface OnApproveData {
  billingToken?: string | null
  facilitatorAccessToken: string
  orderID: string
  payerID?: string | null
  paymentID?: string | null
  subscriptionID?: string | null
  authCode?: string | null
}
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We declare createPaypalOrder and onApprove functions. Both functions are passed as props to the PayPal Button. createPaypalOrder is initially called on click of the PayPal button which triggers creation of the PayPal Order. The mutation returns the orderID that will be consumed by the onApprove function to capture the payment. After successful payment, the result is JSON stringified and displayed in the browser.

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