Recently I was asked on how to send emails using flask and Python, so I'd thought I'd also share how I did it and hopefully it helps you. 😃
Enabling The Virtual Environment
First we need to setup the virtual environment, this can be done via the following commands:
python3 -m venv env source env/bin/activate
Installing The Dependencies
Next we need to install the dependencies, create a file called "requirements.txt" and add the following:
To install the dependencies run the following command:
pip install -r requirements.txt
Next we can actually start writing the code. 🙂
Coding The Server
Now we can actually move on coding the server. Open up a file called main.py and add the following imports:
from flask import Flask, request import smtplib from email.mime.text import MIMEText from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
Next we need to initialize the flask app, which can be done with the following line:
app = Flask(__name__)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
Once the app is initialized we need to define a route that takes three parameters, an address to send to, the subject of the mail and the main body of the mail.
Which can be done via the following:
@app.route("/send", methods=["POST"]) def send(): email_address = request.form['address'] email_subject = request.form['subject'] email_message = request.form['message'] sender_email = 'youremail' sender_password = 'your password' receiver_email = email_address message = MIMEMultipart() message['From'] = sender_email message['To'] = receiver_email message['Subject'] = email_subject message.attach(MIMEText(email_message, 'plain')) try: server = smtplib.SMTP('smtp.gmail.com', 587) server.starttls() server.login(sender_email, sender_password) server.sendmail(sender_email, receiver_email, message.as_string()) server.quit() return 'Email Sent!' except Exception as e: return str(e)
The function uses the three parameters and sends the mail using a gmail account, make sure to replace the variables with your own. 👀
Finally we just need to initialize the main function:
if __name__ == "__main__": app.run(debug=True)
The server can be tested with the following curl command:
curl --location --request POST 'localhost:5000/send' \ --form 'email@example.com' \ --form 'subject=Test email' \ --form 'message=Hello, this is a test email sent using curl and Flask!'
After you've run the above command (don't forget to change the address), you should see the mail in your inbox. 🙂
Here I have shown you how to send emails using flask, python and gmail.
I was actually surprised you don't need to code that much. 😄
Hopefully this has been of some use to you. 😁
As always you can find the source code for this example via Github:
Happy Coding! 😎
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