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ILshat Khamitov
ILshat Khamitov

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Use abstract-class for custom injecting logic for NestJS with multi providing

Installation

npm i --save nestjs-custom-injector
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Links

https://nestjs-custom-injector.site15.ru/api/#/abstract-class - Demo application with nestjs-custom-injector.
https://github.com/EndyKaufman/nestjs-custom-injector/tree/develop/apps/demo/src/app/abstract-class - Example.

Usage

Create abstract class in animal.provider.ts

export abstract class AbstractAnimalProvider {
  abstract type: string;
  abstract say(): string;
}

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Create first type of logic for cats in animal-cats.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@nestjs/common';
import { AbstractAnimalProvider } from './animal.provider';

@Injectable()
export class AnimalCatsService extends AbstractAnimalProvider {
  type = 'cat';
  say(): string {
    return 'meow';
  }
}
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Create second type of logic for dogs in animal-dogs.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@nestjs/common';
import { AbstractAnimalProvider } from './animal.provider';

@Injectable()
export class AnimalDogsService extends AbstractAnimalProvider {
  type = 'dog';
  say(): string {
    return 'woof';
  }
}
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Create controller animals.controller.ts

import { Controller, Get, Query } from '@nestjs/common';
import { CustomInject } from 'nestjs-custom-injector';
import { AbstractAnimalProvider } from './animal.provider';

@Controller('animals')
export class AnimalsController {
  @CustomInject(AbstractAnimalProvider, { multi: true })
  private animalProviders!: AbstractAnimalProvider[];

  @Get('animal-types')
  animalTypes() {
    return this.animalProviders.map((animalProvider) => animalProvider.type);
  }

  @Get('what-says-animals')
  whatSaysAnimals() {
    return this.animalProviders.map(
      (animal) => `${animal.type} say ${animal.say()}`
    );
  }

  @Get('who-say')
  whoSay(@Query('voice') voice: string) {
    const animal = this.animalProviders.find(
      (animal) => animal.say() === voice
    );
    if (!animal) {
      return { error: `I don't know who say ${voice}` };
    }
    return `${animal.type} say ${animal.say()}`;
  }
}
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Append all logic to main app module app.module.ts

import { Module } from '@nestjs/common';
import { CustomInjectorModule } from 'nestjs-custom-injector';
import { AnimalCatsService } from './animal-cats.service';
import { AnimalDogsService } from './animal-dogs.service';
import { AnimalsController } from './animals.controller';
import { AbstractAnimalProvider } from './animal.provider';

@Module({
  ...
  imports: [
    ...
    CustomInjectorModule.forRoot(),
    CustomInjectorModule.forFeature({
      providers: [{ provide: AbstractAnimalProvider, useClass: AnimalCatsService }],
    }),
    CustomInjectorModule.forFeature({
      providers: [
        { provide: AbstractAnimalProvider, useValue: new AnimalDogsService() },
      ],
    }),
    ...
  ],
  controllers: [
    ...
    AnimalsController
    ...
  ]
  ...
})
export class AppModule {}
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