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Autowiring in Spring

eidher
Java Developer
・1 min read

Constructor Injection

    @Autowired
    public AppServiceImpl(AppRepository appRepository) {
        this.appRepository = appRepository;
    }
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Method Injection

    @Autowired
    public setRepository(AppRepository appRepository) {
        this.appRepository = appRepository;
    }
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Field Injection

Not recommended. Hard to unit test.

    @Autowired
    private AppRepository appRepository;
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Optional dependencies

Only inject if dependency exists:

    @Autowired(required=false)
    AppService appService;

    public void method() {
      if(appService != null) {
        ...
      }
    }
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Using Optional:

    @Autowired
    Optional<AppService> appService;

    public void method() {
      appService.ifPresent(s -> {
        ...
      });
    }
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Qualifier Annotation

When component names are not specified, they are auto-generated. When specified, they allow disambiguation if more than one bean class implements the same interface.

@Component
public class AppServiceImpl implements AppService {
    @Autowired
    public AppServiceImpl(@Qualifier("jdbcRepository") AppRepository appRepository) {
        this.appRepository = appRepository;
    }
}

@Component("jdbcRepository")
public class JdbcRepositoryImpl implements AppRepository {
    ...
}
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Discussion (2)

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kriska profile image
Kristina Gocheva

What are the advantages of autowiring? Would you recommended annotation configuration against xml configuration?

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eidher profile image
eidher Author • Edited

Autowiring requires less code, reduces development time, and is cleaner. XML configuration is a cumbersome and outdated form of configuration.