In this ever evolving world of software design and development; everyone no no no, many of us are on pursuit of an excellence. To achieve that we have to read or discuss other programmer's approach, their hardships and suggestions for the approach they had used. We have accumulated so many similar approaches over the year and started calling those Software Design Patterns. These patters are blueprints to solve similar kind of recurring problems, and sometimes clubbing two or more to achieve some unique solution. Design Patterns elegant and proven solutions that improves the quality, maintainability and scalability of your software system. Let's discuss the intriguing world of design patterns and their importance in software design.
Design patterns are recurring solutions to common problems encountered during software design. Let's discuss with simplest example, imagine you have to build a car; you would not start from scratch of reinventing the wheels with turning a square into round shape tyre and all. You will use common blueprints like using engine to generate power and wheels to make it easy to move over the road, a steering wheel to give it direction and other wisdom of different car makers existing design. Similarly Design Patterns are blueprints for software design and development. They encapsulate best practices and provide a structured approach to solve specific problem. Important those are not readymade code or library to use; rather set of guidelines that can be adapted to suit the unique requirement of problem in hand.
Design patterns are tried-and-tested solutions to real-world problems. They have been refined over time and validated by countless developers. By leveraging design patterns, you benefit from the collective wisdom of your community.
Using design patterns makes code consist and organised. This makes your codebase more understandable and maintainable across all teams; reducing the likelihood of introducing bugs during future updates or modifications.
Design patterns encourage modularity and flexibility in your software architecture. This makes it easier to scale your application as it grows, accommodating changing requirements and increasing complexity. As thousands of developers already tested that for you.
Design Patterns are like a common vocabulary for software developers like melody for musicians. When you used Design Patterns, you and your team effectively communicate ideas with more clarity.
Ancient Software Developers categorised design patterns in several categories, most fundamentals are
As name suggest these deal with object creation mechanisms, these patterns provides a way to create objects while minimising dependencies on the specific class/function being instantiated, enhancing flexibility and maintainability in software design.
- Factory Method
- Abstract Factory
Structural Design patterns focus on composing objects and classes from larger structure, emphasising the relationships between objects to create more flexible and efficient systems.
Behavioural Design Patterns address how objects interact and communicate with each other to achieve specific behaviour or responsibility.
- Template Method
[We will talk about all these in some other blog, so this wont be messy. Blogs should also be cleaned as code]
We have got a plenty idea about design patterns and their categorisation, but without knowing when to use the knowledge is in vein. They aren't one-size-fits-all solution. So it is crucial to choose the appropriate design pattern for your current problem you are trying to solve. Which design pattern should you use when will be clear after discussing above categories in detail with code but for now you can consider below mention scenario as trigger you need to use design patterns ;)
In Complex Software Systems, they help manage and organise code thus making it mode comprehensible and maintainable.
As mentioned earlier, Design Patter : Software Developer :: Melody : Musician; they help proving a shared language and structure for the codebase.
If you find yourself solving the same design problem repeatedly, a design pattern can help standardise your solution.
In the world of software development, design patterns are more than just tools or techniques; they are guiding principles that facilitate the creation of robust, maintainable, and scalable software systems. By understanding and applying design patterns appropriately, you empower yourself to tackle complex design challenges with confidence, ultimately contributing to the success of your software projects. Design patterns are the architect's blueprint, the artist's palette, and the engineer's roadmap—all rolled into one. They are the keys to unlocking the full potential of your software development endeavours.
Till the next time keep Learning-Coding-and-Growing.
Just pray I will get some spare time to write all Design Patterns, mentioned here, in detail.