loading...
Cover image for JavaScript DOM - Part 4 - innerHTML vs innerText vs textContent [video + article]

Textcontent vs Innerhtml JavaScript DOM - Part 4 - innerHTML vs innerText vs textContent [video + article]

developertharun profile image Tharun Shiv ・2 min read

This is going to be a multi-part Video + article tutorial series on JavaScript DOM. You're reading Part 4

You can read Part 3 here:

innerText | innerHTML | textContent

All three of them are attributes that you can get from the elements. They are not the same and we will be looking at how they are different with the below illustrations.

innerText

When applied to an element, it returns only the text which is inside the element, the text part wrapped by the element and nothing else, it also ignores the space.

syntax:

element.innerText
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

example:

<p id="experiment">
  <br />
  Hello this is <span>Tharun</span> How are you?
  <br />
</p>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
let p = document.getElementById('experiment');
console.log(p.innerText)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

output

"
Hello this is Tharun How are you?
"
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

innerHTML

When applied to an element, it returns the text part enclosed by the element, along with the HTML tags inside, and also considers the spacing given inside. Look at the example below.

syntax:

element.innerHTML
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

example:

<p id="experiment">
  <br />
  Hello this is <span>Tharun</span> How are you?
  <br />
</p>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
let p = document.getElementById('experiment');
console.log(p.innerHTML)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

output

"
  <br>
  Hello this is <span>Tharun<span/> How are you?
  <br>
"
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

textContent

When applied to an element, it returns the text part enclosed by the element and considers the spacing given inside. Look at the example below.

syntax:

element.textContent
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

example:

<p id="experiment">
  <br />
  Hello this is <span>Tharun</span> How are you?
  <br />
</p>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
let p = document.getElementById('experiment');
console.log(p.textContent)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

output

"

  Hello this is Tharun How are you?

"
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

So these are the main differences between these three that you need to know.
You can access and do a lot more magic by grabbing the elements. We will explore and do stuff in this series.

Next Part coming tomorrow, where we discuss about how you can get multiple elements by using getElementsByClassName.

Thank you for reading 😊

Considering Subscribing to my YouTube Channel if you like the Video content: https://youtube.com/c/developerTharun

Written by,

[deleted user] image

[Deleted User]

Discussion

pic
Editor guide
Collapse
venkat121998 profile image
venkat anirudh

These differences were always confusing. Good article. Now I get it. 👍

Collapse
developertharun profile image
Tharun Shiv Author

thank you, glad it helped

Collapse
chandrika56 profile image
Jaya chandrika reddy

Yeah, same here

Collapse
developertharun profile image
Tharun Shiv Author

thank you, glad it helped

Collapse
chandrika56 profile image
Jaya chandrika reddy

Good series.. Looking forward for more

Collapse
developertharun profile image
Tharun Shiv Author

Sure, 10 more parts to the series, then we move on to the project 😊