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DALLINGTON ASINGWIRE
DALLINGTON ASINGWIRE

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Improving your reasoning with Arrays in java

QUESTION:
Write a function that takes an array of integers as an argument and returns a value based on the sums of the even and odd numbers in the array. Let X = the sum of the odd numbers in the array and let Y = the sum of the even numbers. The function should return X-Y
The signature of the function is: int f(int [] a)

Examples

if input array is return
{1} 1
{1, 2} -1
{1, 2, 3} 2
{1, 2, 3, 4} -2
{3, 3, 4, 4} -2
{3, 2, 3, 4} 0
{4, 1, 2, 3} -2
{1, 1} 2
{} 0

ANSWER:


import java.util.*;
public class ArraySum {

    public int f(int[] a) {
        int X = 0;  // initialization for sum of odd numbers in an array
        int Y = 0; // initialization for sum of even numbers in an array
        for(int i = 0; i<a.length; i++) {
            if(a[i] % 2 == 1) {
                X+=a[i];
            }
            if(a[i] % 2 == 0) {
                Y+=a[i];
            }   
        }
        return X-Y;

    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        ArraySum obj = new ArraySum();
        int [] A = {1};
        int [] B = {1, 2};
        int [] C = {1, 2, 3};
        int [] D = {1, 2, 3, 4};
        int [] E = {3, 3, 4, 4};
        int [] F = {3, 2, 3, 4};
        int [] G = {4, 1, 2, 3};
        int [] H = {1, 1};
        int [] I = {};

        // Printing results on the screen
        System.out.println("Result for array A "+Arrays.toString(A)+" is "+obj.f(A));
        System.out.println("Result for array B "+Arrays.toString(B)+" is "+obj.f(B));
        System.out.println("Result for array C "+Arrays.toString(C)+" is "+obj.f(C));
        System.out.println("Result for array D "+Arrays.toString(D)+" is "+obj.f(D));
        System.out.println("Result for array E "+Arrays.toString(E)+" is "+obj.f(E));
        System.out.println("Result for array F "+Arrays.toString(F)+" is "+obj.f(F));
        System.out.println("Result for array G "+Arrays.toString(G)+" is "+obj.f(G));
        System.out.println("Result for array H "+Arrays.toString(H)+" is "+obj.f(H));
        System.out.println("Result for array I "+Arrays.toString(I)+" is "+obj.f(I));

    }

}

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OUTPUT:

Result for array A [1] is 1
Result for array B [1, 2] is -1
Result for array C [1, 2, 3] is 2
Result for array D [1, 2, 3, 4] is -2
Result for array E [3, 3, 4, 4] is -2
Result for array F [3, 2, 3, 4] is 0
Result for array G [4, 1, 2, 3] is -2
Result for array H [1, 1] is 2
Result for array I [] is 0

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That's one of examples in java arrays that can improve your reasoning, practice as many challenges as you can to better your programming skills. Thank you for taking time to read through this post.

Discussion (1)

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Xavier Gourmandin

And for those interested in the one liner, more functional approach :

return Arrays.stream(a).reduce(0, (partial, i) -> i%2==0?partial-i:partial+i);