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Temkin Mengsitu
Temkin Mengsitu

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How to Test Django, Django Rest-Framework, and Djoser

In this blog post we are gonna see, how to test djoser while you are using email activation for your users.

Requirements

  • you are already using djoser inside your application.

So you are using django, django restframework and djoser with email activation but having hard time to test the authentication ? well let's fix that problem in a bit.

First of all we need to do is separate our settings file into production, development and testing. The structure looks like this

settings/
      __init__.py
      base.py
      production.py
      development.py
      testing.py
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The first thing we should do is create a folder inside your main project called settings. Careful with the name of the folder it should be exactly the same as settings.py but without the .py.

Next we create the below files

__init__.py
base.py
production.py
development.py
testing.py
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these files are just used as the name suggested in development the django settings use the development.py while testing it uses testing.py and so on.

Now let's copy the common settings for all of the project into the base.py. This is up to you to identify what is common for all of the project.

In my case, for base.py i put the following

BASE_DIR
SECRET_KEY # read from environment variable
INSTALLED_APPS
MIDDLEWARE
ROOT_URLCONF
TEMPLATES
WSGI_APPLICATION
AUTH_PASSWORD_VALIDATORS
LANGUAGE_CODE
TIME_ZONE
USE_I18N
USE_TZ
STATIC_URL
DEFAULT_AUTO_FIELD
AUTH_USER_MODEL
# emial related parameter are read from env in my case
EMAIL_BACKEND
EMAIL_HOST
EMAIL_PORT
EMAIL_HOST_USER
EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD
EMAIL_USE_TLS
REST_FRAMEWORK # depends on your choice of drf settings
DJOSER # common setting only we will extend it in other files
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for production.py

from .base import *

DEBUG = False
ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['yoursite.com'] # up to you choice what to allow
DATABASES # i use different db for prod
DJOSER.update({
....
}) # i use different conf for prod 
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for development.py

from .base import *

DEBUG = True
ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['*'] # up to you choice what to allow
DATABASES # i use different db for dev
DJOSER.update({
....
}) # i use different conf for dev
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for testing.py will see this file in detail but for now

from .base import *

DEBUG = True
ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['*'] # up to you choice what to allow
EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.console.EmailBackend'
DATABASES # i use different db for test
DJOSER.update({
....
}) # i use different conf for test
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Now the last file is the __init__.py
this file load dynamically the settings

import os

from . import base

enviroment = os.environ.get('ENVIROMENT', 'development')

if enviroment == 'production':
    from .production import *
elif enviroment == 'testing':
    from .testing import *
else:
    from .development import *
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Djoser uses different serializer class for different purpose but we only focus on Email serialzers check out the docs

So now let's write the testing.py file.

from .base import *
DEBUG = True
ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['*']
EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.console.EmailBackend'
DATABASES = {
    # 'default': {
    #     'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
    #     'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'),
    # }
    # for postgresql: i use postgres 
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.postgresql',
        'NAME': 'djoser',
        'USER': 'djoser',
        'PASSWORD': 'djoser',
        'HOST': 'localhost',
        'PORT': '5432',
    }

    # for mysql:
    # 'default': {
    #     'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
    #     'NAME': 'djoser',
    #     'USER': 'djoser',
    #     'PASSWORD': 'djoser',
    #     'HOST': 'localhost',
    #     'PORT': '3306',
    # }
}

DJOSER_EMAIL = {
    'activation': 'your-authentication-app.email.ActivationEmail'
}

if 'EMAIL' in DJOSER:
    DJOSER['EMAIL'].update(DJOSER_EMAIL)
else:
    DJOSER['EMAIL'] = DJOSER_EMAIL

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if you notice in the

DJOSER_EMAIL = {
    'activation': 'your-authentication-app.email.ActivationEmail'
}
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we override the email activation serializer with your-authentication-app.email.ActivationEmail but it doesn't exist yet so let's create that now.

in your authentication app create a file called email.py and put the below serializer and let's talk about it.

from django.contrib.auth.tokens import default_token_generator

# djoser imports
from templated_mail.mail import BaseEmailMessage
from djoser import utils
from djoser.conf import settings

EMAILS = {}

class ActivationEmail(BaseEmailMessage):
    """Email Activation Token Generator
    """
    template_name = "email/activation.html"

    def get_context_data(self):
        # ActivationEmail can be deleted
        context = super().get_context_data()
        user = context.get("user")
        context["uid"] = utils.encode_uid(user.pk)
        context["token"] = default_token_generator.make_token(user)
        context["url"] = settings.ACTIVATION_URL.format(**context)
        uid, token = context['uid'], context['token']
        # here we store all the requested tokens in a dictionary for later use
        EMAILS[user.email] = {'uid': uid, 'token': token}
        return context
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The only thing we add from the djoser serializer is

EMAIL = {}

...

EMAILS[user.email] = {'uid': uid, 'token': token}
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These are used to store email sent from our server.

NOTE: we are using EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.console.EmailBackend' because while testing we dont want django to send actual emails.

Now we are going to test our users. Here are some cases to test but in the mean time it is up yourself what to test

from django.urls import reverse
from django.contrib.auth import get_user_model
from rest_framework import status
from rest_framework.test import APITestCase

User = get_user_model()

class UserViewSetTest(APITestCase):

    def setUp(self):
        """
        Set up method which is used to initialize before any test run.
        """
        self.user_info = self.generate_user_info()

    def generate_user_info(self):
        """Generate user data for new user.
        Returns:
            Dict: dictionary of the test user data.
        """
        return {
            "first_name": "fake.first_name()",
            "last_name": "fake.last_name()",
            "username": "fake.user_name()",
            "password": "fake.password()",
        }

    def test_create_user(self):
        """
        Test for creating users using API.
        """
        url = reverse("user-list")
        response = self.client.post(
            url,
            self.user_info,
        )
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, status.HTTP_201_CREATED)
        user = User.objects.get(id=response.data['id'])
        self.assertEqual(user.email, self.user_info["email"])
        self.assertEqual(user.username, self.user_info["username"])
        # self.assertEqual(user.ssn, self.user_info["ssn"])
        self.assertTrue(user.password is not self.user_info["password"])
        self.assertTrue(user.is_deleted is not True)
        self.assertTrue(user.father_first_name is None)
        self.assertTrue(user.mother_first_name is None)
        self.assertTrue(user.password is not None)
        self.assertTrue(user.birth_date is not None)

    def test_get_token(self):
        """
        This test is used to test the login API. getting token and testing the token.
        """
        # Create a new user to login
        user_info = self.generate_user_info()
        new_user = self.client.post(
            reverse("user-list"),
            user_info,
        )
        self.assertEqual(new_user.status_code, status.HTTP_201_CREATED)

        # Activation of User
        from authentications.email import EMAILS

        activation_url = reverse('user-activation')
        activation_data = EMAILS[user_info["email"]]
        self.client.post(activation_url, activation_data)

        url = reverse("jwt-create")
        data = {
            "username": user_info["username"],
            "password": user_info["password"],
        }
        response = self.client.post(url, data)

        self.assertTrue(response.status_code, status.HTTP_200_OK)
        self.assertTrue(response.data["access"] is not None)

    def test_get_user(self):
        """
        This test for retrieving single user using API.
        """

        # Create a new user to login
        new_user = self.client.post(
            reverse("user-list"),
            self.user_info,
        )
        self.assertEqual(new_user.status_code, status.HTTP_201_CREATED)

        # Activate User
        from authentications.email import EMAILS

        activation_url = "http://127.0.0.1:8000/auth/users/activation/"
        activation_data = EMAILS[self.user_info["email"]]
        self.client.post(activation_url, activation_data)

        # Get token
        url = reverse("jwt-create")
        data = {
            "username": self.user_info["username"],
            "password": self.user_info["password"],
        }

        response = self.client.post(url, data)
        self.assertTrue(response.status_code, status.HTTP_200_OK)

        # Get user
        token = response.data["access"]
        self.client.credentials(HTTP_AUTHORIZATION=f"JWT {token}")

        url = reverse('user-list', kwargs={'id':new_user.data["id"]})
        get_user = self.client.get(url)

        self.assertEqual(get_user.status_code, status.HTTP_200_OK)
        self.assertEqual(get_user.data["id"], new_user.data["id"])
        self.assertEqual(get_user.data["email"], new_user.data["email"])

        test_user = self.client.post(
            reverse("user-list"),
            self.generate_user_info(),
        )
        url = url = reverse('user-list', kwargs={'id': test_user.data['id'] })
        get_user = self.client.get(url)
        self.assertEqual(get_user.status_code, status.HTTP_404_NOT_FOUND)
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There is different kind of test in the above take what you prefer to test but the main purpose of this blog is to let you know how to test djoser with email activation on.

Hope it helps you.

Enjoy.

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