Now you're convinced that is a good idea learn Clojure (and if you not I recommend to read the part I) we'll start the practical part installing the language and all the tools that we need for program in Clojure.
I'll not cover the process on Windows, most of things like SDKMan! only work on Linux/Mac Operating Systems, if you're using Windows I would recommend you to use WSL to follow this tutorial.
The first thing to do is install Java. Clojure is entirely written in Java (and Clojure itself) we need have Java installed and configured in our computer not only to run most of the tools that we use to program in Clojure, but also to run Clojure itself.
To do this we will install a bash tool called SDKMan! this is a version manager tool for all JVM languages (including our beloved Clojure). To install it we have to run the command in our terminal:
$ curl -s "https://get.sdkman.io" | bash
After it complete the installation we have to source or open/close our terminal to load the changes in our
~/.bashrc. SDKMan is a collection of bash functions that are linked in our bash profile.
If you want to understand how the sdk function we'll use works you can use the following command on your terminal:
$ describe -f sdk
Now we have to install Java on our machine. The actual Long-Term Supported (LTS) version of Java is the 17 we'll use it. In your terminal run the following command:
$ sdk install java 17.0.2-open
All right! now you can check if Java is installed and running with the command:
$ java -version
The SDKMan! not only helps you to install and configure Java as it also manages different JDKs on your computer if you want to learn more about it I recommend reading the documentation.
Now we have to install the build tools both for Java and for Clojure since we'll use them for manage dependencies and build our code. For our own luck SDKMan! also do this for us.
For install maven we have to run:
$ sdk install maven
And for install leiningen we have to run:
$ sdk install leiningen
After doing it we should have all we need to run Clojure. If you want to start doing things in REPL or just test the installation you can run it in you terminal:
$ lein repl
By the way if you need to exit the REPL just run the function
Wait... VS Code? Why not Emacs?
Well, a lot of people following this tutorial never learned Emacs before and I won't recommend learning Clojure and Emacs at the same time because things can become messy and confusing. After all, the complexity of the ecosystem and the elisp language be so similar that can be confusing.
By other way, probably you already have VS Code installed in your computer, and even if you don't you can just use apt or snap to install it.
$ sudo apt install snapd $ sudo snap install –classic code
After installing the IDE you can open it and install the Calva plugin it will add a lot of features to VS Code including things such as REPL integration and folding parens capabilities. To install it, open your VS Code press CTRL+P and paste this code into the open dialog:
ext install betterthantomorrow.calva
After restarting your VS Code everything will be fine for we start the development in Clojure.
After we have all set we can start programming in Clojure by building our first project. To do this you can just open a terminal in the folder where you want your project to be created and run the following command for leiningen create our project scaffold named
getting-started based on
$ lein new app getting-started
And then we can open it on VS Code:
$ code getting-started
The entry point of our project will be
./getting-started/src/getting-started/core.clj file that contains a Hello World program, let's change "Hello, World!" for "Hello, Clojure!" and then run the project with the command:
$ lein run
If everything worked fine you should see the printed string printed in a newline in your terminal.
One of the main advantages of using Clojure is the Read-Eval-Print-Loop (REPL) tool that helps a lot to get feedback while we're coding for work with Clojure is recommended that at least you learn to use the basics on it.
For start a REPL open the VS Code and press
CTRL+ALT+C and the
CTRL+ALT+J and then select
leiningen and use the
You will see a prompt with
clj꞉getting-started.core꞉> open on the right of the code, this is our REPL window and you can run any Clojure code or part of the code you're writing on it:
clj꞉getting-started.core꞉> (+ 1 1) 2 clj꞉getting-started.core꞉> (-main) Hello, Clojure! nil
At any moment you can also put the file cursor on the closing parenthesis in your file and run
CTRL+ENTER and it will send the code to REPL and display the result of it.
If you want to learn more about how to send files to REPL, how to make a partial evaluation, and everything else in Calva I recommend you to look at the docs.
This is just the first step in the Clojure journey, now we installed and configurated our whole development ambient we're ready to start evaluating parenthesis on our next post.