DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for Neovim and its built in language server protocol

Neovim and its built in language server protocol

Cason Adams
・4 min read

I have been using coc for a few years now as my link to the various language servers out there. It is awesome! However, recently I have been tinkering with the built in LSP in neovim 0.5.0+. At the time of writing this, it is almost stable. I just wanted to share how I got things setup and working for me.

Requirements:

This brings in the tools that I use. I have included an upgrade.sh file that auto installs the needed language servers (macOS or fedora). There are a few more deps needed if one wants to run this. Most packages managers will have these.

Once everything is setup a few shortcut keys defined below will be as follows:

keys description
gd goto definition
gD goto declaration
gr show references
gi goto implementation
K show doc
SPACE rn rename
SPACE e show line diagnostics
[d diagnostic previous
]d diagnostic next

Alt Text

init.vim

  • ~/.config/nvim/init.vim
"------------------------------------------------
" Plugins START
call plug#begin()
  Plug 'neovim/nvim-lspconfig'
  Plug 'nvim-lua/completion-nvim'
  Plug 'nvim-lua/lsp-status.nvim'
  Plug 'nvim-lua/diagnostic-nvim'
  Plug 'airblade/vim-gitgutter'
  Plug 'sbdchd/neoformat'
call plug#end()
" Plugins END
"------------------------------------------------

" Loads lua config
lua require('init')

" Use <Tab> and <S-Tab> to navigate through popup menu
inoremap <expr> <Tab>   pumvisible() ? "\<C-n>" : "\<Tab>"
inoremap <expr> <S-Tab> pumvisible() ? "\<C-p>" : "\<S-Tab>"

"------------------------------------------------
" Settings START
filetype plugin on
set updatetime=300
set completeopt=menuone
set completeopt+=noinsert
set completeopt-=preview
set shortmess+=c
" Settings END
"------------------------------------------------

"------------------------------------------------
" Status Line START
set statusline=%<%f\ %h%m%r
set statusline+=%=%-10.60{LspStatus()}\ %-.(%l,%c%V%)\ %P

function! LspStatus() abort
  if luaeval('#vim.lsp.buf_get_clients() > 0')
    return luaeval("require('lsp-status').status()")
  endif

  return ''
endfunction
" Status Line END
"------------------------------------------------
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

init.lua

  • ~/.config/nvim/lua/init.lua
local nvim_lsp = require "lspconfig"
local lsp_status = require("lsp-status")

-- function to attach completion when setting up lsp
local on_attach = function(client)
    lsp_status.register_progress()
    lsp_status.config(
        {
            status_symbol = "LSP ",
            indicator_errors = "E",
            indicator_warnings = "W",
            indicator_info = "I",
            indicator_hint = "H",
            indicator_ok = "ok"
        }
    )

    require "completion".on_attach(client)
    local function buf_set_keymap(...)
        vim.api.nvim_buf_set_keymap(bufnr, ...)
    end
    local function buf_set_option(...)
        vim.api.nvim_buf_set_option(bufnr, ...)
    end

    buf_set_option("omnifunc", "v:lua.vim.lsp.omnifunc")

    -- Mappings.
    local opts = {noremap = true, silent = true}
    buf_set_keymap("n", "gD", "<Cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.declaration()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "gd", "<Cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.definition()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "gr", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.references()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "gi", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.implementation()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "K", "<Cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.hover()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "<space>rn", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.rename()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "<space>e", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.show_line_diagnostics()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "[d", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.goto_prev()<CR>", opts)
    buf_set_keymap("n", "]d", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.goto_next()<CR>", opts)

    -- Set some keybinds conditional on server capabilities
    if client.resolved_capabilities.document_formatting then
        buf_set_keymap("n", "<space>f", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.formatting()<CR>", opts)
    elseif client.resolved_capabilities.document_range_formatting then
        buf_set_keymap("n", "<space>f", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.range_formatting()<CR>", opts)
    end

    -- Set autocommands conditional on server_capabilities
    if client.resolved_capabilities.document_highlight then
        vim.api.nvim_exec([[
            augroup lsp_document_highlight
            autocmd! * <buffer>
            autocmd CursorHold <buffer> lua vim.lsp.buf.document_highlight()
            autocmd CursorMoved <buffer> lua vim.lsp.buf.clear_references()
            " autocmd CursorHold *.* :lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.show_line_diagnostics()
            autocmd BufWritePre * lua vim.lsp.buf.formatting_sync(nil, 300)
           augroup END
        ]],
            false
        )
    else
        vim.api.nvim_exec([[
            autocmd!
            autocmd BufWritePre * Neoformat
            augroup END
        ]], false)
    end
end

-- Use a loop to conveniently both setup defined servers
-- and map buffer local keybindings when the language server attaches
local servers = {
    "gopls",
    "dockerls",
    "tsserver",
    "bashls",
    "cmake",
    "pyright",
    "rust_analyzer",
    "clangd"
}
for _, lsp in ipairs(servers) do
    nvim_lsp[lsp].setup {
        on_attach = on_attach,
        capabilities = lsp_status.capabilities
    }
end

-- Setup diagnostics formaters and linters for non LSP provided files
nvim_lsp.diagnosticls.setup {
    on_attach = on_attach,
    capabilities = lsp_status.capabilities,
    cmd = {"diagnostic-languageserver", "--stdio"},
    filetypes = {
        "lua",
        "sh",
        "markdown",
        "json",
        "yaml",
        "toml"
    },
    init_options = {
        linters = {
            shellcheck = {
                command = "shellcheck",
                debounce = 100,
                args = {"--format", "json", "-"},
                sourceName = "shellcheck",
                parseJson = {
                    line = "line",
                    column = "column",
                    endLine = "endLine",
                    endColumn = "endColumn",
                    message = "${message} [${code}]",
                    security = "level"
                },
                securities = {
                    error = "error",
                    warning = "warning",
                    info = "info",
                    style = "hint"
                }
            },
            markdownlint = {
                command = "markdownlint",
                isStderr = true,
                debounce = 100,
                args = {"--stdin"},
                offsetLine = 0,
                offsetColumn = 0,
                sourceName = "markdownlint",
                formatLines = 1,
                formatPattern = {
                    "^.*?:\\s?(\\d+)(:(\\d+)?)?\\s(MD\\d{3}\\/[A-Za-z0-9-/]+)\\s(.*)$",
                    {
                        line = 1,
                        column = 3,
                        message = {4}
                    }
                }
            }
        },
        filetypes = {
            sh = "shellcheck",
            markdown = "markdownlint"
        },
        formatters = {
            shfmt = {
                command = "shfmt",
                args = {"-i", "2", "-bn", "-ci", "-sr"}
            },
            prettier = {
                command = "prettier",
                args = {"--stdin-filepath", "%filepath"},
            }
        },
        formatFiletypes = {
            sh = "shfmt",
            json = "prettier",
            yaml = "prettier",
            toml = "prettier",
            markdown = "prettier",
            lua = "prettier"
        }
    }
}

-- Enable diagnostics
vim.lsp.handlers["textDocument/publishDiagnostics"] =
    vim.lsp.with(
    vim.lsp.diagnostic.on_publish_diagnostics,
    {
        underline = true,
        virtual_text = false,
        signs = true,
        update_in_insert = true
    }
)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

upgrade.sh

  • ~/.config/nvim/upgrade.sh
#!/usr/bin/env bash
set -e

system_type=$(uname -s)
if [ "$system_type" = "Darwin" ]; then
  brew install shellcheck
  brew install shfmt
  brew install llvm
  fd 'clangd$' /usr/local/ --exec ln -s '{}' "$HOME"/.local/bin | :

  curl -L https://github.com/rust-analyzer/rust-analyzer/releases/download/nightly/rust-analyzer-mac.gz | gunzip -f > "$HOME"/.local/bin/rust-analyzer && chmod +x "$HOME"/.local/bin/rust-analyzer

else
  sudo dnf install -y \
    ShellCheck \
    clang-tools-extra \
    ;

  curl -L https://github.com/rust-analyzer/rust-analyzer/releases/download/nightly/rust-analyzer-linux.gz | gunzip -f > "$HOME"/.local/bin/rust-analyzer && chmod +x "$HOME"/.local/bin/rust-analyzer
fi

sudo npm install -g -f \
  pyright \
  lua-fmt \
  prettier \
  prettier-plugin-toml \
  markdownlint \
  diagnostic-languageserver \
  typescript typescript-language-server \
  dockerfile-language-server-nodejs \
  ;

pip install --upgrade \
  cmake-language-server \
  ;

GO111MODULE=on go get golang.org/x/tools/gopls@latest
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Discussion (0)