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Michael Di Prisco
Michael Di Prisco

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Admin processes - The Twelve Factor App Methodology

Welcome to the final installment of our exploration of the Twelve Factors in Software Development. In Factor 12, we'll delve into the concept of Admin Processes. This factor highlights the importance of running administrative tasks as one-off processes and how it contributes to maintaining a healthy and efficient production environment.

Admin Processes: Run Admin/Management Tasks as One-Off Processes

The Admin Processes factor advocates for treating administrative or management tasks as separate, one-off processes rather than bundling them with the main application. This approach ensures better isolation, security, and maintainability of tasks related to database migrations, data imports, or other administrative activities.

Why It Matters

Admin processes often involve tasks that are not part of the regular application runtime but are crucial for maintaining the system. By running these tasks as separate processes, you reduce the risk of interfering with the main application's performance, enhance security, and ensure a clean separation of concerns.

How to Implement

Identify tasks that are administrative in nature, such as database migrations, data imports, or configuration updates. Create standalone scripts or executables for these tasks, ensuring they can be executed independently of the main application. Trigger these admin processes as needed, either manually or through automation tools.

Example in Action

Consider a scenario where you need to perform a database migration for your application. Instead of embedding the migration logic within the application code, create a separate script or command specifically for this task.

# Example of running a database migration on a Laravel app
php artisan migrate
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By following the Admin Processes factor, you ensure that administrative tasks are executed in an isolated manner, minimizing the impact on the main application and contributing to a more maintainable and secure system.


Congratulations! You've now explored all Twelve Factors that guide the development of modern, cloud-native applications. Implementing these factors can help you build applications that are scalable, maintainable, and well-suited for cloud environments.

Thank you for joining me on this journey through the Twelve Factors! If you have any further questions or topics you'd like to explore, feel free to ask. Happy coding!

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